In the very northernmost part of Argentina, perilously close to the equator, lies the unique and unusual wine region of Salta. Salta, despite being so close to the equator, is something of an ideal region for vineyard cultivation and wine production, as its incredibly high altitude of up to three thousand meters above sea level ensures that the temperatures are just right for the vines to thrive. The wines produced in Salta are exceptional for their ability to express much of their unusual terroir, and in the regions of Cafayate and Molinos, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec and Tannat are the key red wines produced, whilst Chardonnay makes up much of the white wine of Salta. The region's wine industry is currently going from strength to strength, and the next few years or so are expected to herald plenty of new wineries opening in this fascinating part of the world.
Anyone who has been the Mendoza area of Argentina may be surprised to find that this is one of the primary wine regions of the country, now comfortably sitting as the fifth largest producer of wine in the world. The Mendoza is an incredibly dry and arid desert, which receives as little as two hundred millimeters of rainfall per year, and supports very little life at all. We can thank the ancient technologies of the Huarpes Indians for Argentina's current booming wine trade, as they managed to irrigate the region by digging channels from the Mendoza river, thus creating an area which had enough access to water with which to grow vines. Not only this, but the grape which Argentina primarily uses for their wines â€“ Malbec â€“ actually flourishes in such conditions, as it is less likely to suffer from the rot it so often finds in the considerably damper regions of Europe it has its origins in. Such expertise and foresight has resulted in Argentina being able to produce high quality wines of both red and white types, with Malbec, Bonarda and Cabernet Sauvignon dominating the vineyards for red wines, and TorrontÃ©s, Chardonnay and Chenin Blanc making up for most of the white wine produced there.