Of all the white wine grape varietals, surely the one which has spread the furthest and is most widely appreciated is the Chardonnay. This green skinned grape is now grown all over the Old and New Worlds, from New Zealand to the Americas, from England to Chile, and is one of the first varietals people think of when considering white wine grapes. Perhaps this is because of its huge popularity which reached a peak in the 1990s, thanks to new technologies combining with traditional methods to bring the very best features out of the Chardonnay grape, and allow its unique qualities to shine through. Most fine Chardonnay wines use a process known as malolactic fermentation, wherein the malic acids in the grape juice are converted to lactic acids, allowing a creamier, buttery nature to come forward in the wine. No grape varietal is better suited to this process than Chardonnay, which manages to balance these silky, creamy notes with fresh white fruit flavors beautifully.
The beautiful Israeli region of Galilee is one of the most famous sites in the world when it comes to cultural and religious history, and yet the wines of this dry and arid region are yet to really make a big impact on the wine stores of the western world. However, the high quality of the produce being made in the region could change all this, as the past few years have been exceptionally good for vintners in Galilee, with a wide range of imported French grape varietals having flourished in the vineyards around the fertile base of Mount Tabor. Perhaps surprisingly, given the difference in climatic conditions, Bordeaux grapes make up for most of the varietals planted in Galilee, and SÃ©millon, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot can be found growing extremely well all over the region. Helped by the volcanic basalt soils, these grapes produce wonderfully characterful and flavorful wines, enjoyed by kosher observing Jewish communities and others all over the world.
Since biblical times, Israel has been an important production center for wine, and continues to be so to this day. All over Israel, the Mediterranean climate the country enjoys ensures that grapes grow to full ripeness, and the vineyards are helped considerably by the mineral rich limestone soils which typify the geology of the wine regions. Interestingly, in Israel, up to fifteen percent of all wine production today is used for sacramental purposes, and the vast majority of the wines produced there are made in accordance to Jewish kosher laws. Israel is split into five major wine producing regions; Galil, The Judean Hills, Shimshon, The Negev, and the Sharon Plain, and in recent years the wine industry of Israel has brought over twenty five million dollars per annum to the Israeli economy.