One of the flagship grape varietals of Greece is the Agiorgitiko varietal, a beautifully versatile red wine grape which has grown in and around the region of Nemea on the Peloponnese mountains for thousands of years. The grape is prized by winemakers due to the fact that it can grow on dry, arid and infertile soil, and improve the land it is cultivated in. The grapes produce strong red wines which hold a highly fruity character, packed full of spicy flavors including plum and cinnamon, although they are occasionally light in body and acid. This is a problem which is regularly solved by blending Agiorgitiko with Cabernet Sauvignon in the production of popular Greek table wines. Agiorgitiko is a versatile grape, which can be easily influenced through a number of viticultural techniques and practices, thus resulting in a wide range of wine characters â€“ from soft and rounded, to very dry and tannic.
As one of the oldest wine producing countries in the world, Greece has millenia of experience and expertise when it comes to viticulture, and has developed a set of flavors and characteristics which are found nowhere else on earth. The ancient Greeks revered and deified wine, and were the first true innovators in the history of wine, adding everything from seawater to honey and spices in order to find exciting new taste combinations and aromas. Today, Greek wines are just as varied, although far more refined and sophisticated than their ancient counterparts. The practice of enhancing Greek wines with aromatic substances never left the country, though, as can be seen in the popular Retsina wines, which use pine resin to provide their unique taste and aroma combinations. There is far more to Greek wine than merely Retsina, however, and the vast variety on offer is a testament to the expertise of Greek wineries making the most of the wonderful climate, terrain and grape varietals they work with.