Semillon grapes are easily recognizable from their pale and golden color, which often takes on a pinkish hue when ripened in hot climates. These grapes produce a wide range of excellent wines, from crisp, dry and citrus flavored still white wines, to more sweeter varieties. Semillon is one of the fine white grape varietals used in the production of Bordeaux white wines, and it is known for having a particular affinity for oak, in which it ages fantastically. At one point, Semillon was wildly popular, and was grown in abundance all over Europe and the New World. It is highly popular with wineries seeking a white wine grape which grows quickly and easily, with a high resistance to disease and the ability to produce high yields.
Whilst most of Australia consists of arid deserts and dense bushland, the oceanic coasts to the south of the country have a terrain and climate ideal for vine cultivation and wine production. It took several decades of failed attempts at the end of the 18th century in order to produce vines of a decent enough quality for making wine, but since those first false starts, the Australian wine industry has continued to grow and grow. Today, wine production makes up for a considerable part of the Australian economy, with exports in recent years reaching unprecedented levels and even overtaking France for the first time ever. Whilst the greatest successes in regards to quality have been the result of the Syrah grape varietal (known locally as Shiraz), Australia utilizes several Old World grapes, and has had fantastic results from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Riesling, Chardonnay and more. As the Australian passion for locally produced wine continues to develop, wineries have begun experimenting with a wider range of grape varietals, meaning that nowadays it isn't uncommon to find high quality Australian wines made from Petit Verdot, Sangiovese, Tempranillo and Viognier, amongst many others.