High in the Piedmont hills, Italian wineries have been cultivating Arneis grapes for centuries. The Arneis grape is renowned for its beautiful floral aromas, and strong flavors of orchard fruits and apricots, making it a particularly boisterous white wine ideal for pairing with a wide range of foods. However, the Arneis is a notoriously difficult grape to grow properly, as it is highly sensitive to the sun and quickly over-ripens, losing its acidity and distinctive flavors It is also prone to mildew and several types of fungus, making it a real challenge for vintners, but a challenge more and more are taking up due to the excellence of the grape in question. In several New World countries, wineries have recently started cultivating Arneis varietal grapes, and its popularity is continuing to grow.
For hundreds of years, the beautiful alpine region of Piedmont in north-west Italy has been producing excellent quality red wines, and some of the most characterful sparkling white wines to have ever come out of the Old World. The region is dominated by the mighty Alps which form the border between Italy, France and Switzerland, and the Moscato grapes that are grown in the foothills of this mountain range carry much of the Alps' flavors in their fruit, and are fed by crystal clear mountain waters. However, it is the Nebbiolo, Dolcetto and Barbera grapes which are the real stars of this region, and the highly respected wineries which cover much of Piedmont have generations of experience when it comes to processing and aging these grape varietals to produce the superb wines which come out of appellations such as Barolo and Barberesco.
For several decades in the mid to late twentieth century, Italy's reputation for quality wines took a fairly serious blow. This was brought about partly due to lack of regulation in certain regions, and too much regulation in others. This led to several wineries in the beautiful and highly fertile region of Tuscany making the bold move to work outside of the law, which they saw as responsible for the drop in quality in Tuscan wines. They believed that they had the expertise and the generations of experience necessary with which to make truly excellent, world class wines, and set about doing just that. These 'Super Tuscans', as they came to be known, quickly inspired the rest of Italy to improve their produce, and now, Italian wine producers in the twenty-first century are widely recognised to be amongst the best in the world. Regulation and law began to change, and wine drinkers across the globe woke up to the outstanding wines coming out of Italy, which are continuing to improve and impress to this day.