Despite less than ideal climatic conditions, featuring storms which threatened an otherwise perfect year, most parts of California had an excellent year for viticulture. Chardonnays and Sauvignon Blancs were picked at optimum ripeness, and Californian white wine was just about as good as it could be. Surprises and overcoming difficulties summed up much of the United States' wine industry in 2009, and many of the results from Oregon, Washington State and all over California speak for themselves, with the flagship Cabernet Sauvignon grapes having developed healthy, thick skins and thus plenty of character and distinction. Elsewhere in the New World, South Africa had a very good year in 2009, and wineries across the cape of the African continent are proclaiming it a truly great vintage.
In most of Europe, fine weather and punctual ripening periods produced some excellent wines, with many of the best coming out of France's Bordeaux and the surrounding regions. Merlot had an exceptionally good year in France, and wineries are proclaiming that the 2009 Merlot harvest was one of the best in living memory. Indeed, across most of France, ripening was relatively even, and red wine grapes such as Cabernet Franc, Syrah and others were reportedly highly characterful, with plenty of the required tannin levels with which to make high quality wines. Italy, too, had a very good 2009. Piedmont reported extremely favorable conditions throughout 2009, and their signature Nebbiolo grapes were more or less perfect when harvested, having benefited from the slight drop in temperature at the end of their ripening period. Veneto, too, had an enviable year, producing superb Pinot Grigio and Chardonnay wines in 2009.
In many parts of the world, from Washington State to France, Australia to Spain, wineries have been working with the MourvÃ¨dre varietal grape to achieve fantastic and fascinating results. The grape varietal is actually a relatively ancient one, believed to have been brought to Spain from Asia Minor over two thousand years ago. The MourvÃ¨dre grape is generally considered to be a difficult one to cultivate, as it requires both heat, light and moisture, meaning wineries wishing to grow MourvÃ¨dre need to be well irrigated, but in hot regions where the vines will be safe from rot. The grapes hold lots of unusual and interesting flavors, ranging from meaty and gamey, to brambly and full of dark fruit notes. As such, the wines they produce can be matched with lots of different foods, making them popular around the world.
The region of Provence is known throughout the world as being the home of delicious flavors, evocative rolling landscapes, and a dedication to tradition and the quiet life unmatched by anywhere else in France. Such things apply wholeheartedly to the wine industry of the region, too, and Provence has held a reputation for excellence in viticulture which stretches back over thousands of years. Indeed, Provence is widely understood to be amongst the oldest wine regions in the world, with Greeks, Gauls and Pheonicians all understood to have cultivated vines there over the centuries. Today, Provence is most renowned for its superb rosÃ© wines, of which there are many. Indeed, rosÃ© wine make up for over sixty percent of the wines of Provence, with red and white varieties made in smaller quantities, but with the same meticulous attention to detail, tradition and brilliance.
French winemakers are subjected to several laws and regulations regarding the wines they produce, and how they can be labeled and sold. Such procedures are designed to increase the overall quality of the country's produce, and also to ensure that wines made in each particular region or appellation are of a character and type which is representative of the area. Thankfully for consumers of wine world-wide, the French have a particularly high reputation to uphold, and seem to do so flawlessly. Every year, wineries from all over France produce millions upon millions of bottles of fine wine, making the most of their native grape varieties and the excellent terrain which covers most of the country. From the expensive and exquisite red wines of Bordeaux and Burgundy, to the white wines and cremants of central France, the French are dedicated to providing the world with wines of the highest quality and most distinctive character.