Despite less than ideal climatic conditions, featuring storms which threatened an otherwise perfect year, most parts of California had an excellent year for viticulture. Chardonnays and Sauvignon Blancs were picked at optimum ripeness, and Californian white wine was just about as good as it could be. Surprises and overcoming difficulties summed up much of the United States' wine industry in 2009, and many of the results from Oregon, Washington State and all over California speak for themselves, with the flagship Cabernet Sauvignon grapes having developed healthy, thick skins and thus plenty of character and distinction. Elsewhere in the New World, South Africa had a very good year in 2009, and wineries across the cape of the African continent are proclaiming it a truly great vintage.
In most of Europe, fine weather and punctual ripening periods produced some excellent wines, with many of the best coming out of France's Bordeaux and the surrounding regions. Merlot had an exceptionally good year in France, and wineries are proclaiming that the 2009 Merlot harvest was one of the best in living memory. Indeed, across most of France, ripening was relatively even, and red wine grapes such as Cabernet Franc, Syrah and others were reportedly highly characterful, with plenty of the required tannin levels with which to make high quality wines. Italy, too, had a very good 2009. Piedmont reported extremely favorable conditions throughout 2009, and their signature Nebbiolo grapes were more or less perfect when harvested, having benefited from the slight drop in temperature at the end of their ripening period. Veneto, too, had an enviable year, producing superb Pinot Grigio and Chardonnay wines in 2009.
The MourvÃ¨dre grape varietal has been grown in Europe for well over two thousand years, and is believed to have been brought to Spain by ancient Phoenician tradesman. Since those ancient times, it has been comfortably growing in several regions of France, and in recent years, has become a key New World grape varietal. It is commonly blended with Grenache and Syrah varietals, and lends an intensely fruity flavor to such blends. MourvÃ¨dre is not the easiest grape varietal to cultivate, and requires plenty of sunshine coupled with well irrigated, moist soils. However, it is also quite vulnerable to mildew, and as such presents plenty of challenges to vintners. The grape itself holds some fascinating flavors, often described as gamey or meaty, and with plenty of deep and complex bramble fruit and earthy notes.
There are few places in the world quite as evocative as Provence, and this relatively small wine region of France has become something of a world leader following centuries of high esteem and ongoing solid, reliable production of truly excellent, characterful wines. The wines from Provence are primarily rosÃ©, made from red wine grape juices allowed a limited time in which to have contact with their skins and seeds, and are generally considered to be amongst the finest rosÃ© wines on earth. Provence also produces big, spicy red wines, and extremely delicate, dry, crisp white wines, too. For thousands of years, the beautiful Mediterranean climate of the region has proven itself to be ideal for viticulture, and the wine industry of Provence remains as strong and consistently superb as ever.
France is renowned across the globe for its quality wines and the careful expertise which goes into making them, but what is truly remarkable about this relatively small country is the vast range of wines it produces in such huge amounts each year. Not only are the finest red wines in the world said to come from the beautiful regions of Bordeaux and Burgundy, but elsewhere in the country we find the Champagne region, and areas such as the Rhone Valley and the Loire, whose white wines consistently receive awards and accolades by the plenty. This range is a result of the great variety of climatic conditions and terrain found in France, coupled with generations of wine makers working within single appellations. Their knowledge of specific terroirs and grape varieties has, over time, perfected the production of wines within their region, and the end results continue to impress the world to this day.