Location: Chateau Mouton Rothschild has a magnificently complete expanse of vineyard on the slopes leading down to the Gironde Estuary. Mouton Rothschild is to the northwest of Pauillac
Size: 188 acres producing 20-25,000 cases
Classification: First Growth (as of 1973)
Vineyard: 80% Cabernet Sauvignon 10% Cabernet Franc, 8% Merlot and 2% Petite Verdot. The vineyard is mostly gravel on a subsoil of marl and clay. Vines are planted 8,000 to 10,000 per hectare. Average yield per hectare is 35 hectoliters. Pruning is Guyot Double Medocaine
Vinification: Strict interpretation of classic ways: wooden vats, severe selection of grape clusters. No added yeast; 3 weeks maceration; 28-30C temperature of fermentation; 100% new oak barrells for 23-24 months. Portion of first pressing sometimes included in lighter vintages. Fining - fresh egg whites.
History: Mouton has few peers in the length and luster of its history. The famous Barons de Brane owned the already well known vineyard in the 18th and early 19th centuries when it was known as Chateau Brane-Mouton. It was purchased by Nathaniel de Rothschild of London in 1853 who renamed it to Chateau Mouton Rothschild, and is now owned by Philippine de Rothschild, his great-great granddaughter. Mouton always in the forefront of the greatest wines of Bordeaux, was the first estate to begin complete chateau-bottling of the harvest -- an historic step initiated in 1924 by the late Philippe de Rothschild. It is the only chateau in theMedoc Classification of 1855 to achieve reclassification. In 1973, it was finally moved from a second growth to a first. In 1926, he commissioned architect Charles Sicils to build the famous "Grand Chai". In 1962, Philippe de Rothschild created, with his wife Pauline, the Museum of Wine and Art", in which is displayed a priceless collection of exhibits relating to wine and the vine, from the dawn of civilization up to modern times
Style: Luscious black currant flavored Cabernet fruit makes Mouton beguilingly easy to drink. Rich complex flavors, powerful ripe tannins and an extremely long finish are all hallmarks of this wine.