Lambrusco grapes have been cultivated in the Emilia region of Italy for thousands of years, and are one of the most ancient grape varietals on earth. In more recent decades, they have been grown successfully in both Australia and Argentina, where they are also used to make the recognizable, slightly sweet sparkling wines they are most commonly associated with. Lambrusco has six main varietals - Lambrusco Grasparossa, Lambrusco Maestri, Lambrusco Marani, Lambrusco Monterrico, Lambrusco Salamino and Lambrusco Sorbara. However, Lambrusco Salamino is by far the most commonly cultivated, as it is a hardy grape which results in high yields of consistent and reliable quality. Lambrusco is quite a versatile grape, and in Italy, is used to make several different wines. Often, winemakers limit the contact the juices have with the skins in order to make both white and rosÃ© wines from this grape, all of which are highly popular around the world.
The beautiful northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna has been home to quality wine making and viticulture for an extremely long time. Indeed, archaeologists believe that vineyards have been cultivated in Emilia-Romagna since around 700 BCE, and the wine industry of the region remains strong and distinctive to this day. Perhaps the best loved wine of Emilia-Romagna are the sparkling wines the region produces in large quantities, and with five registered Lambrusco DOCs, the wineries of the region are recognized for their excellence in this field. However, there is much more to Emilia-Romagna than just sparkling wines, and their still red and white wines are amongst the finest in all of Italy, as esteemed and respected today as they were during the heights of the Roman Empire.
It isn't difficult to understand why Italy is famed not just for the quality of its wines, but also for the vast variety and range of characteristics found in the wines there. The terrain of the country varies wildly, from the lush rolling green hills and valley of Tuscany, to the sun drenched rocky coasts of Sicily, the mountainous and alpine regions of the north, and the marshy lowlands of the east. Italy really does have a little bit of everything. Combine this huge range of landscapes with an almost perfect climate for grape cultivation, and you have a country seemingly designed for viticultural excellence. The results speak for themselves, and it is clear to see that wine has become an inseparable part of Italian culture as a result of its abundance and brilliance. Each village, city and region has a local wine perfectly matched with the cuisine of the area, and not an evening passes without the vast majority of Italian families raising a glass of locally sourced wine with pride and pleasure.