Carignan is thought to have originated in the Aragon region of Spain, but has spread throughout the Old and New worlds due to its unique characteristics and powerful flavors and features. Today, it is most notably cultivated in Languedoc in France, in Algeria, Sardinia and California, where it is most commonly used as a blending varietal, as its strong tannins and high levels of acidity help boost weaker wines and make them more complex. Carignan is often seen as something of a challenging grape varietal for wineries, as although it often produces high yields, it is particularly susceptible to various forms of rot and fungus. However, when handled carefully and given the correct conditions, the results can be stunning.
It isn't difficult to see how California became one of the world's most important, successful and influential wine regions. Since the first vines were planted in the state by Spanish pioneers in the 18th century, the region has made the most of its ideal climatic conditions, which range from hot, dry and arid to windswept and cool, for vineyard cultivation and wine production. Today, California has almost half a million acres under vine, and hundreds of independent and well established wineries dotted across its vast wine-making areas. Californian wines range from the traditional, and those emulating fine Old World wines, to the experimental and unique, and it is the home to many of the world's most exciting and trailblazing wineries producing excellent bottles for the global market.
Country: United States
For three hundred years now, the United States has been leading the New World in wine production, both in regards to quantity and quality. Wine is actually produced in all fifty states across the country, with California leading the way by an enormous margin. Indeed, as much as eighty-nine percent of all wines to come out of the United States are produced in California, where the fertile soils and sloping mountain sides, coupled with the long, hot summers provide ideal conditions for producing high quality, European style red, white and rosÃ© wines. With over a million acres of the country under vine, the United States sits comfortably as the fourth largest wine producer in the world, where imported grape varietals from all over the Old World are processed using a successful blend of traditional and contemporary techniques.
Appellation: Central Coast
The Central Coast of California is a hugely important wine producing region, which makes an impressive amount of wine each year. As with many of the Californian wine regions, Central Coast benefits hugely from the hot Californian sunshine, and the superb soil types which typify the area. Central Coast itself is an impressive stretch of land, covering over two hundred and fifty miles of Pacific coastline, within which there are over 90,000 acres of vineyards. The region mainly cultivates French and Italian grape varietals, used for the production of both red and white wines of high quality and superb character. The wineries of Central Coast are dedicated to experimentation and innovation in viticulture, and as such, the region is home to many of the New World's most interesting and enticing wines.