The Carignan grape varietal has been grown and processed in Europe for centuries, and is thought to have originated in the Aragon region of Spain. Indeed, it is still sometimes used in the production of Spain's famous blended Rioja wines, where its high astringency, tannins and acidity levels lend a bit of a boost to the other grape varietals in the blend. Nowadays, the Carignan varietal is most commonly associated with the fine red wines of Languedoc, where it is grown is large quantities by expert vintners who know how to deal with its often harsh characteristics. Carignan is particularly susceptible to all kinds of rot and mildew, and as such thrives in hotter, drier climates. However, given careful treatment, it is a fine and versatile grape varietal which can produce superb wines of excellent character.
Region: Languedoc Roussillon
Languedoc Roussillon is a fascinating region of France for wine, culture and history. Having over 700,000 acres under vine, Languedoc Roussillon is the single biggest wine region on earth, providing the world with millions of bottles of wine each year. Indeed, the annual output of Languedoc Roussillon alone is larger than that of the United States, and despite the vast quantity of wine it producer, wineries in Languedoc Roussillon have never lost sight of the fact they are dedicated to quality first and foremost. The climate of the region is one of the most ideal on earth for viticulture, with months of blazing sunshine tempered by cooling breezes and plenty of moisture, resulting in wonderfully ripened grapes packed full of fascinating flavors and characteristics.
French winemakers are subjected to several laws and regulations regarding the wines they produce, and how they can be labeled and sold. Such procedures are designed to increase the overall quality of the country's produce, and also to ensure that wines made in each particular region or appellation are of a character and type which is representative of the area. Thankfully for consumers of wine world-wide, the French have a particularly high reputation to uphold, and seem to do so flawlessly. Every year, wineries from all over France produce millions upon millions of bottles of fine wine, making the most of their native grape varieties and the excellent terrain which covers most of the country. From the expensive and exquisite red wines of Bordeaux and Burgundy, to the white wines and cremants of central France, the French are dedicated to providing the world with wines of the highest quality and most distinctive character.