There are few white wine grape varietals as famous or widely appreciated as the Chardonnay, and with good reason. This highly flexible and adaptable grape quickly became a favorite of wineries due to its fairly neutral character. This neutrality allows the wineries to really show off what they are capable of doing, by allowing features of their terroir or aging process to come forward in the bottle. As well as this, most high quality wineries which produce Chardonnay wines take great efforts to induce what is known as malolactic fermentation, which is the conversion of tart malic acids in the grapes to creamy, buttery lactic acids associated with fine Chardonnay. Whilst the popularity of Chardonnay wines has fluctuated quite a considerable amount over the past few decades, it seems the grape varietal allows enough experimentation and versatility for it always to make a successful comeback.
Region: Judean Hills
The ancient hills and mountains of Israel have provided a dramatic backdrop to what would become major parts of modern civilization and culture itself, and as any lover of wine would know, they were also home to many of the world's most ancient vineyards. However, the wine industry of this region was often interrupted due to religious intolerance of alcohol, until the mid 19th century, when a decision was made to relaunch the Israeli wine industry. One of the major regions for Israeli wine from that day forth has been the Judean Hills, an ancient and beautiful set of hills which provide mineral rich soils for imported French varietals to thrive in. Today, the Judean Hills are home to many of the country's finest red and white wines, often made from Bordeaux varietals to exceedingly high levels of quality.
For thousands of years now, Israel has been an important country when it comes to wine production. Today, wineries across Israel are having great success with the imported French varietals which have proven to be a fine match for the climate and soil types across the country, and grapes such as Cabernet Sauvigon, Merlot, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc make up for the vast majority of varietals grown on Israeli soil. Israel enjoys a Mediterranean climate in many parts of the country, and even more desert-type regions such as the Negev are proving to be ideal locations for viticulture, thanks to a combination of traditional and modern techniques, and advanced irrigation methods. Israeli wines are almost always made to kosher requirements, and as such have a high demand all over the world by Jewish communities, as well as being popular with many other people due to their quality and characteristics.