In the past couple of decades, the sales of wines made with Chardonnay grapes has risen and fallen more than once. For many people, this green skinned grape was marred by a poor reputation for bland and uninteresting wines, a great shame considering the fact that Chardonnay grapes have proven time and time again to be interesting, versatile and full of surprises. Most commonly, fine Chardonnay wines are buttery, smooth and creamy as a result of malolactic fermentation, yet with hints of tropical fruits and orchard fruits such as apples and pears. What is most remarkable about Chardonnay grapes, however, is the fact that unlike many other 'white' grapes, they are exceptionally good at holding the characteristics of their terroir in the bottle. As such, despite their fluctuating reputation, this is one grape varietal which produces constantly surprising, impressive and varied wines.
Region: Judean Hills
The ancient Judean Hills in Israel is possibly one of the world's most interesting wine regions, with a history which dates back to biblical times, and which has helped shape the world we live in today. The region was cultivating grapevines in ancient times, however, several times throughout the history of the Judean Hills and the surrounding areas, alcohol production and consumption was prohibited, and vineyards destroyed. The wine industry in the Judean Hills was resurrected sometime in the early 19th century, and it took the billionaire Rothschild family to bring it to its feet, and create the successful wine region that it is today. Hundreds of vineyards were planted with vines imported from the Bordeaux region of France, and before long, the hot climate and rich soils had helped produce healthy and flavorful crops, full of the fascinating flavors and aromas associated with the region to this day.
The vineyards of Israel have long been associated with high quality wines, and the wineries which operate within the country use the fantastic Mediterranean climate and mineral rich soils to grow fine French grape varietals such as Cabernet Sauvigon, Merlot, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc all over the country. Israel has five major wine regions; Galil, The Judean Hills, Shimshon, The Negev, and the Sharon Plain, with many of the most successful vineyards being located at high altitudes to benefit from the cooler temperatures and stronger breezes the vines need to produce better yields. Today, Israeli wineries are proving to be highly successful with audiences around the world, and the fact that the vast majority of Israeli wines are made to kosher requirements mean they are often in high demand amongst the worldwide Jewish population, although they are also highly popular with people of all backgrounds.