Varietal: Sauvignon Blanc
The green skinned grapes of the Sauvignon Blanc varietal had their origins in Southern France, where they are still widely grown and used for many of the excellent young and aged white wines the region is famous for. Today, however, they are grown in almost every wine producing country in the world, and are widely revered for their fresh and grassy flavors, full of tropical notes and refreshing, zesty character. Sauvignon Blanc grapes thrive best in moderate climates, and ripen relatively early in the year. This has made them a favorite for many wineries in the New World, where they can still produce healthy and high yields in the earlier part of the summer before the temperatures become too hot. Too much heat has a massively adverse effect on Sauvignon Blanc, as the grapes become dull in their flavor, and the wine produced from them loses all its unique character and high points. As such, Sauvignon Blanc farmers have had a lot of trouble from global warming and climate change, as they are being forced to harvest their crops increasingly earlier in the year when it is cool enough to do so.
Region: Judean Hills
The ancient Judean Hills in Israel is possibly one of the world's most interesting wine regions, with a history which dates back to biblical times, and which has helped shape the world we live in today. The region was cultivating grapevines in ancient times, however, several times throughout the history of the Judean Hills and the surrounding areas, alcohol production and consumption was prohibited, and vineyards destroyed. The wine industry in the Judean Hills was resurrected sometime in the early 19th century, and it took the billionaire Rothschild family to bring it to its feet, and create the successful wine region that it is today. Hundreds of vineyards were planted with vines imported from the Bordeaux region of France, and before long, the hot climate and rich soils had helped produce healthy and flavorful crops, full of the fascinating flavors and aromas associated with the region to this day.
For thousands of years, Israel has been an important country for wine production, with major wine regions growing thousands of acres of grapevines in the hot Mediterranean climate. The land itself is ideal for wine production, and has a mineral rich limestone based soil which helps ensure the grapes grow to full ripeness. Many of the vineyards of Israel are located at high altitudes, such as the popular and successful vineyards of Golan Heights in the Galil region, where the cooler temperatures and strong breezes create an ideal environment in which the imported French grape varietals can grow. Indeed, French grape varietals make up for the vast majority of grapes grown in Israel, with Cabernet Sauvigon, Merlot, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc grapes growing in all five wine regions of the country.