Albarino grapes are very pale in color, and grow best in hot and humid regions. They have their origin in Spain, and are cultivated in huge numbers all over the Iberian coastlines, where they are widely enjoyed and have contributed much to the white wine culture of Spain and Portugal. Today, they are grown in several countries around the world, in regions which have the right climatic conditions in which they can fully ripen and express their unique qualities and characteristics. These light green skinned grapes are prized for their relatively high acid content, which results in tart, sharp wines balanced by their natural flavors of peach and apricot. The grapes produce highly aromatic wines, with a pleasant level of bitterness brought about by the fruit's thick skins.
The region of Galicia in northern Spain is an unusual place for viticulture, with its wet and windy weather and strong Atlantic influences. However, for several hundred years, Galicia was an important center of wine making, and an extremely important center of trade, bringing lots of money to the region which further boosted its reputation, along with the quality and quantity of its wines. However, the 19th century saw a devastating economic collapse in Galicia, and all over the region, vineyards were left to ruin, and wineries closed. Thankfully, the past few decades have seen the region undergo a renaissance, and traditional, quintessentially Galician wines are once more being produced from fine grape varietals native to the region, including the delicate and aromatic Albarino and Caino Blanca, which are often blended to produce characterful and unique wines.
For over two thousand years, Spain has been responsible for much of Europe's wine production, making the very best of native grape varietals, and more recently experimenting with and perfecting wines made from imported grapes. Of course, the region of La Rioja is renowned world-wide for the quality and characteristics of its wines, which benefit greatly from the warm, dry continental climate of the area, and the fertile soils of the Ebro river basin. However, there is far more to Spanish produce than the complex, aromatic and earthy red wine of this region, as a result of the vast range of wine making traditions and practices, and terrains and climatic conditions found across the country. The region Castilla y Leon produces some of Europe's finest white wines, and the sparkling wines of Cava and the sherries of Jerez are firm favorites for wine lovers around the world.