Varietal: Tocai Friulano
The Tocai Fruiliano grape varietal is the most widely planted and cultivated grape in the Friulia region of northern Italy, after which it is named. The name of Tocai Fruiliano has caused plenty of confusion and controversy over the years, but scientists have now confirmed that it is not a relative of either the Hungarian Tokaji grape, nor the Tokay d'Alsace, but is in fact the Sauvignon Vert varietal which is found elsewhere in Europe. The wines made from the Tocai Fruiliano varietal grape are renowned for their broad set of flavors, which generally include citrus lime notes amongst many others, their pale straw yellow color, and their powerful bouquet of wild flowers. This varietal grows well on the sunny hillsides of northern Italy, and has had some success in the New World.
Region: Friuli-Venezia Giulia
The beautiful, mountainous region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia in northern Italy is home to many of the countries finest and most interesting wines. Because of the region's close proximity to the Austrian and Slovenian borders, there is a fascinating Germanic influence on the wine culture of Friuli-Venezia Giulia, where you are as likely to find delicious, crisp white Riesling and Pinot Bianco wines alongside more classic Italian varietals, such as Pinot Grigio. The white wines of the region are renowned for their alpine character, and are prized for their dryness, and their ability to express their fantastic terroir. Friuli-Venezia Giulia's location, between the Alps and the Adriatic, provides plenty of fresh and airy character to the wines which are produced here, and the region is becoming increasingly popular with those seeking something a little different from their Italian white wines.
There are few countries in the world with a viticultural history as long or as illustrious as that claimed by Italy. Grapes were first being grown and cultivated on Italian soil several thousand years ago by the Greeks and the Pheonicians, who named Italy 'Oenotria' â€“ the land of wines â€“ so impressed were they with the climate and the suitability of the soil for wine production. Of course, it was the rise of the Roman Empire which had the most lasting influence on wine production in Italy, and their influence can still be felt today, as much of the riches of the empire came about through their enthusiasm for producing wines and exporting it to neighbouring countries. Since those times, a vast amount of Italian land has remained primarily for vine cultivation, and thousands of wineries can be found throughout the entire length and breadth of this beautiful country, drenched in Mediterranean sunshine and benefiting from the excellent fertile soils found there. Italy remains very much a 'land of wines', and one could not imagine this country, its landscape and culture, without it.