2012 has, so far been a positive year for wineries around the world. While it may be a little too early to speak of the wines being made in the northern hemisphere, European and North American wineries have already begun reporting that their harvesting season has been generally very good, and are predicting to continue with the kind of successes they saw in 2011. However, 2012 has been something of a late year for France, due to unpredictable weather throughout the summer, and the grapes were ripening considerably later than they did in 2011 (which was, admittedly, an exceptionally early year). French wineries are claiming, though, that this could well turn out to be advantageous, as the slow ripening will allow the resulting wines to express more flavour and features of the terroir they are grown in.
The southern hemisphere has seen ideal climatic conditions in most of the key wine producing countries, and Australia and New Zealand particularly had a superb year, in particular with the Bordeaux varietal grapes that grow there and which love the humidity these countries received plenty of. Also enjoying a fantastic year for weather were wineries across Argentina and Chile, with the Mendoza region claiming that 2012 will be one of their best vintages of the past decade. Similar claims are being made across the Chilean wine regions, where Sauvignon Blanc and Cabernet Sauvignon had an especially good year. These two grape varietals also produced characterful wines on the coastal regions of South Africa this year.
Gewurztraminer varietal grapes are responsible for some of the most aromatic and interesting wines in the world. Originating in the German speaking parts of northern Italy, their natural sweetness produces a wine which is pleasingly 'off-dry', and carries a wide range of fascinating and pleasing flavors The most common flavors present in Gewurztraminer grapes are those of rose water, passion fruit and lychees, making them a favorite with those looking for something a little more flamboyant and decadent in their white wines. The pinkish purple grapes themselves are notoriously difficult to grow, being highly sensitive to both soil type, terroir and climatic conditions, yet it is no wonder that vintners persevere with this varietal due to its unique characteristics and their growing popularity.
The beautiful, windswept valleys of Germany's Pfalz region has long been regarded as a flagship region for the country's wine culture, and today, hundreds of wineries have made this ancient region their home. With over twenty five thousand hectares of Pfalz under vine, it is the second largest wine producing region in the country, and yet the main focus of Pfalz wine is on quality over quantity, with careful attention paid to the flavors and aromas of the wines each winery produces. Traditional techniques remain strong, and the dozens of grape varietals which flourish in the relatively warm and dry climate of the region are used to create wines which are distinctly Germanic in style, with vintners keen to show off the finest features of their stunning terroir.
As in many Old World countries, the rise of viticulture in Germany came about as a result of the Roman Empire, who saw the potential for vine cultivation in the vast flatlands around the base of the Rhine valley. Indeed, for over a thousand years, Germany's wine production levels were enormous, with much of the south of the country being used more or less exclusively for growing grapes. Over time, this diminished to make way for expanding cities and other types of industries, but Southern Germany remains very much an important wine region within Europe, with many beautifully balanced and flavorful German wines being prized by locals and international wine lovers alike. The hills around Baden-Baden and Mannheim are especially noteworthy, as these produce the high end of the characteristic semi-sweet white wines which couple so perfectly with German cheeses and pickled vegetables. However, all of Germany's wine producing regions have something special and unique to offer, and are a joy to explore and experience.