Varietal: Pinot Noir
Pinot Noir grapes have been cultivated in and around the Burgundy region of France for centuries, where they have long been favored by vintners for their wide range of flavors, their thin skins and for producing wines which have light, smooth tannins, and a beautiful garnet red color Whilst they remain one of the flagship varietals of this special region, their wide popularity and recent status as a fashionable 'romantic' varietal has led to them being planted in almost every wine producing country in the world. However, the Pinot Noir demands a huge amount of care and attention from the wineries that wish to grow it, as this varietal is particularly susceptible to various forms of mildew and rot. Despite this, the grape is otherwise a favorite with wineries for the fact that it requires little extra effort once it begins fermentation. Pinot Noir is also widely known for producing some of the world's most famous sparkling wines, being one of two key grapes for the production of Champagne, and several other sparkling varieties.
In the very northernmost part of Argentina, perilously close to the equator, lies the unique and unusual wine region of Salta. Salta, despite being so close to the equator, is something of an ideal region for vineyard cultivation and wine production, as its incredibly high altitude of up to three thousand meters above sea level ensures that the temperatures are just right for the vines to thrive. The wines produced in Salta are exceptional for their ability to express much of their unusual terroir, and in the regions of Cafayate and Molinos, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec and Tannat are the key red wines produced, whilst Chardonnay makes up much of the white wine of Salta. The region's wine industry is currently going from strength to strength, and the next few years or so are expected to herald plenty of new wineries opening in this fascinating part of the world.
As the world's fifth largest producer of wine, after France, Italy, Spain and the United States, Argentina has plenty to offer the international wine market in regards to both quantity and quality. Despite this being the case for several decades now, it has only been since the end of the twentieth century that the Argentinian wine industry has really begun to up their game when it comes to the methods and techniques required to produce world class wines, which are both representative of their country and region of origin, and which stand alone as complex, interesting and delicious wines to drink. As Argentina became a serious contender in the international wine market, wineries previously concerned primarily with high volumes began to change their priorities, and formerly struggling small bodegas and independent wineries began to find success. Nowadays, well crafted wines from smaller vineyards in Argentina are being lauded as some of the finest in the world, and the country is starting to reap the benefits of its heritage, which include some very old vines, and up to four centuries of experience in wine production.