Known as Syrah in most countries around the world, and Shiraz in Australia and certain other regions of the New World, this grape varietal has proven over the centuries to be one of the most powerful and flavorful red wine grapes there is. It is now one of the planet's most widely grown grapes, and is a favorite with wineries as a result of its robustness and versatility. It isn't easy to identify many characteristics of this particular varietal, due to the fact that it is highly versatile and shows significant differences in flavor and character depending on the terroir it is grown in, and the climatic conditions of the region. However, Syrah is most widely associated with full bodied, strong and loud red wines, packed full of fruity and spicy flavors, held in a beautifully deep red liquid.
Region: Limestone Coast
In south-eastern Australia, close to the border of Victoria, we find the Limestone Coast â€“ one of Australia's best known and most highly regarded wine regions which produces up to a third of the country's wines each year. Limestone Coast is notably for many reasons; the cool, maritime climate which allows the grapes to ripen slowly and fully makes it a favorite for vintners and wine lovers alike, and the high quality soil rich in minerals often results in characterful wines with plenty of terroir expression. Interestingly, unlike other Australian wine regions, the Limestone Coast has a very healthy water table, meaning that irrigation is no issue in the region, and the vines remain healthy even through the dry ripening season. Plenty of different varietals flourish there, and red wine grapes grow to full ripeness in the warmer areas of the coastline, whilst fine white varietals such as Viognier grow very well indeed in the cooler parts.
Despite much of Australia being covered by dry, arid deserts and bushland, the southern regions of the country and islands such as Tasmania have proved to be ideal for vineyard cultivation and wine production. The fertile soils and brisk oceanic breezes, coupled with the blazing Australian sunshine allow the grapes to grow to full ripeness before a late harvest, resulting in hugely flavorful wines which appeal to a wide international audience. Combine this with the experimental and daring approach Australian wineries have in regards to wine production, and it becomes clear why Australia has relatively quickly become something of a world leader when it come to exporting their produce to Europe and America. The Shiraz and Chardonnay grape varietals have produced the most successful and broadly appreciated results over the decades, however, in more recent years wineries have begun experimenting with a much wider range of grape varietals, demonstrating how Australian wineries are continuing to adapt and develop alongside international palates.