Carignan is thought to have originated in the Aragon region of Spain, but has spread throughout the Old and New worlds due to its unique characteristics and powerful flavors and features. Today, it is most notably cultivated in Languedoc in France, in Algeria, Sardinia and California, where it is most commonly used as a blending varietal, as its strong tannins and high levels of acidity help boost weaker wines and make them more complex. Carignan is often seen as something of a challenging grape varietal for wineries, as although it often produces high yields, it is particularly susceptible to various forms of rot and fungus. However, when handled carefully and given the correct conditions, the results can be stunning.
Galilee is a region of unrivaled historical, religious and cultural importance, and is beginning to really find its feet as a wine region, too. The blazing sunshine which beats down on the Israeli vineyards around the base of Mount Tabor allows vintners to grow grapes of exceptional quality, and the volcanic, basalt enriched soils found in the region are ideal for producing and cultivating a wide range of grape varietals. A surprising amount of Bordeaux grapes are successfully grown in Galilee, with Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Merlot and Chardonnay all doing particularly well in the region. As one might expect, the wine making process which turns such wines into grapes in Galilee is carefully overseen by religious specialists, in order to sell the wines as kosher products around the world.
Since biblical times, Israel has been an important production center for wine, and continues to be so to this day. All over Israel, the Mediterranean climate the country enjoys ensures that grapes grow to full ripeness, and the vineyards are helped considerably by the mineral rich limestone soils which typify the geology of the wine regions. Interestingly, in Israel, up to fifteen percent of all wine production today is used for sacramental purposes, and the vast majority of the wines produced there are made in accordance to Jewish kosher laws. Israel is split into five major wine producing regions; Galil, The Judean Hills, Shimshon, The Negev, and the Sharon Plain, and in recent years the wine industry of Israel has brought over twenty five million dollars per annum to the Israeli economy.