In the Rhone region of France, one of the most ancient and highly esteemed grape varietals is the Viognier, a green-skinned grape famed and admired for its highly aromatic qualities and delicious fruit-forward nature. The wine it produces is remarkably pale, and is a popular choice with those looking for an extremely elegant wine to be enjoyed in hot weather and paired with equally aromatic foods. The Viognier varietal is known for having an extremely floral nose, which gives an impression of summery sweetness over a wine which is usually dry, although it is occasionally given over to noble rot in order to intensify its sugars. Viognier grapes can be successfully blended with several other grape varietals, as they are in certain New World countries, and can also be aged to produce exceptionally crisp and dry white wines.
The historic mountainous region of Cuyo in central-west Argentina, remains the nation's key wine producing area to this day, producing over eighty percent of the country's wines. Argentinian wines have gone from strength to strength over the past few decades, and it is undoubtedly the region of Cuyo which produces Argentina's most characterful and representative wines. Cuyo's dry and arid soil, rich in iron and other minerals has proven to be an ideal environment for the cultivation of Malbec grapes, alongside several other varietals which thrive in the hot climate and reach full ripeness each autumn, expressing their fruit-forward character. The vineyards of Cuyo are fed by the great Desaguadero River and its tributaries, helped by the extensive irrigation projects which have been undertaken over the past century.
It is said that the first Argentinian vines were planted in the Mendoza more than four hundred years ago by European settlers, and despite these early wines being used primarily for religious purposes, the fervor for wine making never left the area. Today, Argentina is keen to demonstrate its technological prowess when it comes to vineyard cultivation, by combining traditional methods of irrigation left over from the Huarpes Indians with modern techniques in order to make the dry, arid desert an ideal environment for growing grapes. Indeed, these ancient irrigation channels, dug hundreds of years ago and still in use today, bring mineral-rich melt water from the Andes via the Mendoza river, something which gives the grapes grown in this region some of their character. The primary grape of this and other regions of Argentina is the Malbec, which is highly susceptible to rot in its native France, but which thrives in the dry and hot climate of South America, producing rich and plummy wines which are highly drinkable especially when young.