Unusually for a grape grown in a hot climate, the Barbera grape varietal has a high acid content and remarkably light tannins, resulting in wines which are at once intense in flavor and light in body. This favorable combination has made it a popular grape for centuries in its native Italy, and changing international tastes have prompted it to become one of the most widely planted red grape varietals in the country. As a result of its growing popularity, many New World countries beginning to catch on and plant it where it can thrive and develop its unique characteristics. Barbera grapes are adored by wineries, as they are extremely vigorous and can produce high yields with little intervention, and are ideal for oak aging and for selling as young wines, packed with hedgerow fruit flavors.
Since the 18th century, California has been a hugely important and influential wine region, acting as a trailblazer for other New World wine regions and utilizing an important blend of traditional and contemporary practices, methods and techniques relating to their wine production. Split into four key areas â€“ the North Coast, the Central Coast, the South Coast and the Central Valley â€“ Californian wineries make the most of their ideal climate and rich variety of terrains in order to produce a fascinating range of wines made with a long list of different fine grape varietals. Today, the state has almost half a million acres under vine, and is one of the world's largest wine exporters, with Californian wines being drunk and enjoyed all across the globe.
Country: United States
For three hundred years now, the United States has been leading the New World in wine production, both in regards to quantity and quality. Wine is actually produced in all fifty states across the country, with California leading the way by an enormous margin. Indeed, as much as eighty-nine percent of all wines to come out of the United States are produced in California, where the fertile soils and sloping mountain sides, coupled with the long, hot summers provide ideal conditions for producing high quality, European style red, white and rosÃ© wines. With over a million acres of the country under vine, the United States sits comfortably as the fourth largest wine producer in the world, where imported grape varietals from all over the Old World are processed using a successful blend of traditional and contemporary techniques.