Vermentino grapes are widely grown in many parts of Europe and the New World, and are especially associated with the islands of Sardinia and Corsica, where they make up a majority of the white wine grapes cultivated. Vermentino is highly popular with vintners, as they are very easy to grow and require little specialist attention. Indeed, the vines are famously vigorous, and resistant to disease, meaning that high yields of reliable quality are commonplace in Vermentino vineyards. The wines themselves are usually a pale straw yellow in color, and relatively light in body and alcohol content. They normally hold bright, fresh flavors of green apple and lime, and are much loved for their freshness and zingy, acidic crispness. As such, they are commonly served alongside seafood, and are a highly pleasant wine to drink outside on a sunny day.
Tuscany has been producing fine wines for almost three thousand years, and as such is widely recognized as being one of the key Old World wine regions which have shaped the way we understand and enjoy quality wines throughout history. Interestingly, the region is typified by a unique soil type which is not particularly good for growing grapevines, but in Tuscany, the emphasis has always been on quality over quantity, and low yields with high levels of flavor and intensity are preferred, and have become a feature of the region's wine industry. The main grape varietals grown in Tuscany are Sangiovese for the distinctive, flavorful and complex red wines, and Vernaccia for the exquisite dry white wines, although the last couple of decades have seen more varietals grown and an increasing trend towards 'Bordeaux style' wines.
It isn't difficult to understand why Italy is famed not just for the quality of its wines, but also for the vast variety and range of characteristics found in the wines there. The terrain of the country varies wildly, from the lush rolling green hills and valley of Tuscany, to the sun drenched rocky coasts of Sicily, the mountainous and alpine regions of the north, and the marshy lowlands of the east. Italy really does have a little bit of everything. Combine this huge range of landscapes with an almost perfect climate for grape cultivation, and you have a country seemingly designed for viticultural excellence. The results speak for themselves, and it is clear to see that wine has become an inseparable part of Italian culture as a result of its abundance and brilliance. Each village, city and region has a local wine perfectly matched with the cuisine of the area, and not an evening passes without the vast majority of Italian families raising a glass of locally sourced wine with pride and pleasure.