The Trebbiano varietal grape originates from Italy, but is now found in several countries around Europe and the rest of the world. Historians believe it was originally brought to France in the 14th century, where it became an important varietal, and was widely planted all across the country for wine making purposes. Today, the grape is most commonly associated with fortified wines, and it is also widely used as a blending grape due to its highly aromatic nature and naturally high acidity levels. However, in many parts of Tuscany, as well as elsewhere in the world, it is also used for making exceptionally fine and crisp single variety white wines. Trebbiano normally produces crisp, dry and acidic wines, which have a fantastic expression of the terroir they are grown on. Citrus fruits, white flowers and mineral notes abound, making this an exciting and complex grape.
Despite being one of Italy's smallest wine regions, the central Italian region of Umbria is a vitally important one, and home to many of the country's finest and most historic wines and wineries. The reputation of Umbrian wines may have suffered in the 1970s, along with the produce of much of the rest of the country, but the 1980s and 1990s saw significant efforts made by vintners when it came to improving their produce and overall image. By consulting international oenologists, the wineries of Umbria were able to update their traditional techniques, and produce considerably finer wines from their Sangiovese grapes, as well as from imported varietals such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Chardonnay. Indeed, the barrel fermented white wines of Umbria, now made with a blend of Chardonnay and Grechetto varietal grapes, has gone on to be something of a flagship product for the region, and is regarded as one of the best and most characterful white wines in Italy.
For several decades in the mid to late twentieth century, Italy's reputation for quality wines took a fairly serious blow. This was brought about partly due to lack of regulation in certain regions, and too much regulation in others. This led to several wineries in the beautiful and highly fertile region of Tuscany making the bold move to work outside of the law, which they saw as responsible for the drop in quality in Tuscan wines. They believed that they had the expertise and the generations of experience necessary with which to make truly excellent, world class wines, and set about doing just that. These 'Super Tuscans', as they came to be known, quickly inspired the rest of Italy to improve their produce, and now, Italian wine producers in the twenty-first century are widely recognised to be amongst the best in the world. Regulation and law began to change, and wine drinkers across the globe woke up to the outstanding wines coming out of Italy, which are continuing to improve and impress to this day.