Pinotage is a red wine grape varietal which is most commonly associated with the wine industry of South Africa, although it has also been successfully cultivated in several other countries, most notably the United States and New Zealand. It was first grown in 1925, when it was created by a professor of viticulture, and came about as a cross between Pinot Noir and Cinsaut grapes. The Pinotage grape is a versatile one, and has been used to make a range of still red wines, alongside sparkling wines and fortified varieties. It is adored for its characteristically smoky flavors, and the notes of dark berries, plums and earthy touches often found in the wines it is made from. Pinotage has naturally high tannins and acidity levels, making it a popular grape for blending and aging.
Region: Coastal Region
The coastal parts of South Africa, and in particular the region around Cape Town, have been important wine regions for a surprising length of time. Indeed, viticulture first began at the tip of the African continent back in the mid 17th century, when European settlers first began experimenting with the cooler and windier terroirs near the ocean, and recognizing the potential the area had for growing grapes of real character and distinction. Those early experiments slowly but surely led to a powerful wine industry, and South African wines became famous throughout Europe for their quality and big, fruity, bold flavors Today, the coastal regions of South Africa produce a huge amount of wine, made in sparkling, still and fortified styles, and utilizing a wide range of grape varietals.
Country: South Africa
Perhaps the most famous and well respected of all the wine regions in South Africa is that of Constantia, which holds many of the oldest and most traditional wineries in the country. Here, the temperate climate receives the Atlantic winds which cool the vineyards, and the fertile soil allows the grapes to grow to full ripeness, resulting in highly flavorful wines which are enjoyed around the world. Whilst Sauvignon Blanc varietals make up the most widely exported wines of this region, the rest of the country produces a huge and impressive range of wines, made up from varietals native to many different European countries. From excellent Champagne style sparkling wines, to aromatic fortified examples, fruity reds and refreshing whites, South Africa continues to impress and surprise, with modern techniques and technologies leading the way and producing exceptional results.