Varietal: Tocai Friulano
The Tocai Fruiliano grape varietal is the most widely planted and cultivated grape in the Friulia region of northern Italy, after which it is named. The name of Tocai Fruiliano has caused plenty of confusion and controversy over the years, but scientists have now confirmed that it is not a relative of either the Hungarian Tokaji grape, nor the Tokay d'Alsace, but is in fact the Sauvignon Vert varietal which is found elsewhere in Europe. The wines made from the Tocai Fruiliano varietal grape are renowned for their broad set of flavors, which generally include citrus lime notes amongst many others, their pale straw yellow color, and their powerful bouquet of wild flowers. This varietal grows well on the sunny hillsides of northern Italy, and has had some success in the New World.
Region: Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Up in the north of Italy, between the magnificent Italian Alps and the Adriatic sea, we find the beautiful region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. This special region produces some of Italy's finest and most distinctive white wines, notable for their uniqueness and differences from the white wines found elsewhere in the country. Due to the region's proximity to Slovenia and Austria, it comes as no real surprise to find excellent Riesling and Pinot Bianco grapes growing in the vineyards of Friuli-Venezia Giulia, prized for their ability to capture the finest features of their wonderful alpine terroir. Friuli-Venezia Giulia prides itself on the fact it is characterized by small, independent wineries, dedicated to producing unusual and characterful wines which are the very essence of the cool, mountainous region they work with.
For several decades in the mid to late twentieth century, Italy's reputation for quality wines took a fairly serious blow. This was brought about partly due to lack of regulation in certain regions, and too much regulation in others. This led to several wineries in the beautiful and highly fertile region of Tuscany making the bold move to work outside of the law, which they saw as responsible for the drop in quality in Tuscan wines. They believed that they had the expertise and the generations of experience necessary with which to make truly excellent, world class wines, and set about doing just that. These 'Super Tuscans', as they came to be known, quickly inspired the rest of Italy to improve their produce, and now, Italian wine producers in the twenty-first century are widely recognised to be amongst the best in the world. Regulation and law began to change, and wine drinkers across the globe woke up to the outstanding wines coming out of Italy, which are continuing to improve and impress to this day.