Varietal: Tocai Friulano
The Tocai Fruiliano grape varietal is the most widely planted and cultivated grape in the Friulia region of northern Italy, after which it is named. The name of Tocai Fruiliano has caused plenty of confusion and controversy over the years, but scientists have now confirmed that it is not a relative of either the Hungarian Tokaji grape, nor the Tokay d'Alsace, but is in fact the Sauvignon Vert varietal which is found elsewhere in Europe. The wines made from the Tocai Fruiliano varietal grape are renowned for their broad set of flavors, which generally include citrus lime notes amongst many others, their pale straw yellow color, and their powerful bouquet of wild flowers. This varietal grows well on the sunny hillsides of northern Italy, and has had some success in the New World.
Region: Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Up in the north of Italy, between the magnificent Italian Alps and the Adriatic sea, we find the beautiful region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. This special region produces some of Italy's finest and most distinctive white wines, notable for their uniqueness and differences from the white wines found elsewhere in the country. Due to the region's proximity to Slovenia and Austria, it comes as no real surprise to find excellent Riesling and Pinot Bianco grapes growing in the vineyards of Friuli-Venezia Giulia, prized for their ability to capture the finest features of their wonderful alpine terroir. Friuli-Venezia Giulia prides itself on the fact it is characterized by small, independent wineries, dedicated to producing unusual and characterful wines which are the very essence of the cool, mountainous region they work with.
There are few countries in the world with a viticultural history as long or as illustrious as that claimed by Italy. Grapes were first being grown and cultivated on Italian soil several thousand years ago by the Greeks and the Pheonicians, who named Italy 'Oenotria' â€“ the land of wines â€“ so impressed were they with the climate and the suitability of the soil for wine production. Of course, it was the rise of the Roman Empire which had the most lasting influence on wine production in Italy, and their influence can still be felt today, as much of the riches of the empire came about through their enthusiasm for producing wines and exporting it to neighbouring countries. Since those times, a vast amount of Italian land has remained primarily for vine cultivation, and thousands of wineries can be found throughout the entire length and breadth of this beautiful country, drenched in Mediterranean sunshine and benefiting from the excellent fertile soils found there. Italy remains very much a 'land of wines', and one could not imagine this country, its landscape and culture, without it.