Varietal: Tocai Friulano
The Tocai Fruiliano grape varietal is the most widely planted and cultivated grape in the Friulia region of northern Italy, after which it is named. The name of Tocai Fruiliano has caused plenty of confusion and controversy over the years, but scientists have now confirmed that it is not a relative of either the Hungarian Tokaji grape, nor the Tokay d'Alsace, but is in fact the Sauvignon Vert varietal which is found elsewhere in Europe. The wines made from the Tocai Fruiliano varietal grape are renowned for their broad set of flavors, which generally include citrus lime notes amongst many others, their pale straw yellow color, and their powerful bouquet of wild flowers. This varietal grows well on the sunny hillsides of northern Italy, and has had some success in the New World.
Region: Friuli-Venezia Giulia
The special region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia in northern Italy has a long history of producing exceptional white wines in its beautifully mountainous vineyards. Situated between the stunning Italian Alps and the wild Adriatic sea, Friuli-Venezia Giulia's wineries are dedicated to capturing the alpine essence of their wonderful terroir, and the finest wines of the region are famed for their alpine freshness, full of notes of clear mountain waters and lush, green grasses. Because Friuli-Venezia Giulia is so close to the Italian border with Slovenia and Austria, it is normal to find wineries working with grape varietals not normally associated with Italian wines. However, the Riesling wines of Friuli-Venezia Giulia are undoubtedly amongst the finest in Europe, and French varietals such as Cabernet Franc and Pinot Noir also grow very well there alongside some of Italy's best Pinot Grigio vines.
For several decades in the mid to late twentieth century, Italy's reputation for quality wines took a fairly serious blow. This was brought about partly due to lack of regulation in certain regions, and too much regulation in others. This led to several wineries in the beautiful and highly fertile region of Tuscany making the bold move to work outside of the law, which they saw as responsible for the drop in quality in Tuscan wines. They believed that they had the expertise and the generations of experience necessary with which to make truly excellent, world class wines, and set about doing just that. These 'Super Tuscans', as they came to be known, quickly inspired the rest of Italy to improve their produce, and now, Italian wine producers in the twenty-first century are widely recognised to be amongst the best in the world. Regulation and law began to change, and wine drinkers across the globe woke up to the outstanding wines coming out of Italy, which are continuing to improve and impress to this day.