The region of Burgundy has become synonymous with high quality red wines, but in actual fact the region consistently produces a wide variety of fine wines of many different styles, rigorously protected by French wine laws designed to keep reputations and quality at a very high level. The region benefits greatly from a warm and sunny summer climate, which, coupled with the excellent quality soils which typify the region, and centuries of experience and expertise, has led to the region being known all over the world for the excellence of its produce. The majority of grapevines grown here are of the Pinot Noir varietal, which has helped Burgundy become known as the definitive region for elegant and smooth red wines, but Chardonnay grapes and many others are also grown in abundance and used to make both still and sparkling wines. Of all the white wine grape varietals, surely the one which has spread the furthest and is most widely appreciated is the Chardonnay. This green skinned grape is now grown all over the Old and New Worlds, from New Zealand to the Americas, from England to Chile, and is one of the first varietals people think of when considering white wine grapes. Perhaps this is because of its huge popularity which reached a peak in the 1990s, thanks to new technologies combining with traditional methods to bring the very best features out of the Chardonnay grape, and allow its unique qualities to shine through. Most fine Chardonnay wines use a process known as malolactic fermentation, wherein the malic acids in the grape juice are converted to lactic acids, allowing a creamier, buttery nature to come forward in the wine. No grape varietal is better suited to this process than Chardonnay, which manages to balance these silky, creamy notes with fresh white fruit flavors beautifully. The world renowned sub-region of Cotes de Nuits in France is found in the heart of the Burgundy wine region, surely one of the most highly esteemed wine regions in the world. Cotes de Nuits is in the northern half of the Cote d'Or, and as such, enjoys the same high quality limestone soils found elsewhere in the region, soils which provide plenty of nutrition and character for the cultivation of fine grape varietals. As with in much of Burgundy, the majority of wines made in Cotes de Nuits are made using high quality Chardonnay and Pinot Noir varietal grapes, with the best white wines of the region being made with the Chardonnay varietal, and the rosé and red wines coming from the Pinot Noir fruit. The wineries of Cotes de Nuits are highly esteemed for the delicious complexity of their wines, and the traditional methods used in their production.