Chile has a long and rich wine history which dates back to the Spanish conquistadors of the 16th century, who were the first to discover that the wonderful climate and fertile soils of this South American country were ideal for vine cultivation. It has only been in the past forty or fifty years, however, that Chile as a modern wine producing nation has really had an impact on the rest of the world. Generally relatively cheap in price,Whilst being widely regarded as definitively 'New World' as a wine producing country, Chile has actually been cultivating grapevines for wine production for over five hundred years. The Iberian conquistadors first introduced vines to Chile with which to make sacramental wines, and although these were considerably different in everything from flavor, aroma and character to the wines we associate with Chile today, the country has a long and interesting heritage when it comes to this drink. Chilean wine production as we know it first arose in the country in the mid to late 19th century, when wealthy landowners and industrialists first began planting vineyards as a way of adopting some European class and style. They quickly discovered that the hot climate, sloping mountainsides and oceanic winds provided a perfect terroir for quality wines, and many of these original estates remain today in all their grandeur and beauty, still producing the wines which made the country famous.
America's favorite red wine passion, Merlot is known for its role, sometimes as the primary varietal, in the great wines of Bordeaux. It is, by nature, an earlier maturing grape than Cabernet Sauvignon, and tends to have rounder, plummier, more forward fruit with lower tannins so it is often used to soften and round out the edges of the more astringent Cabernet. It is the grape of choice in Pomerol and St. Emilion, and represents the basis for some of America's most popular red wines, particularly from Washington, Napa Valley, Sonoma Country, the Central Coast, Long Island, Texas, and yes, Colorado.