The region of Burgundy has become synonymous with high quality red wines, but in actual fact the region consistently produces a wide variety of fine wines of many different styles, rigorously protected by French wine laws designed to keep reputations and quality at a very high level. The region benefits greatly from a warm and sunny summer climate, which, coupled with the excellent quality soils which typify the region, and centuries of experience and expertise, has led to the region being known all over the world for the excellence of its produce. The majority of grapevines grown here are of the Pinot Noir varietal, which has helped Burgundy become known as the definitive region for elegant and smooth red wines, but Chardonnay grapes and many others are also grown in abundance and used to make both still and sparkling wines. The world renowned sub-region of Cotes de Nuits in France is found in the heart of the Burgundy wine region, surely one of the most highly esteemed wine regions in the world. Cotes de Nuits is in the northern half of the Cote d'Or, and as such, enjoys the same high quality limestone soils found elsewhere in the region, soils which provide plenty of nutrition and character for the cultivation of fine grape varietals. As with in much of Burgundy, the majority of wines made in Cotes de Nuits are made using high quality Chardonnay and Pinot Noir varietal grapes, with the best white wines of the region being made with the Chardonnay varietal, and the rosé and red wines coming from the Pinot Noir fruit. The wineries of Cotes de Nuits are highly esteemed for the delicious complexity of their wines, and the traditional methods used in their production. Regularly described as being the grape varietal responsible for producing the world's most romantic wines, Pinot Noir has long been associated with elegance and a broad range of flavors The name means 'black pine' in French, and this is due to the fact that the fruit of this particular varietal is especially dark in color, and hangs in a conical shape, like that of a pine cone. Despite being grown today in almost every wine producing country, Pinot Noir is a notoriously difficult grape variety to cultivate. This is because it is especially susceptible to various forms of mold and mildew, and thrives best in steady, cooler climates. However, the quality of the fruit has ensured that wineries and vintners have persevered with the varietal, and new technologies and methods have overcome many of the problems it presents. Alongside this, the wide popularity and enthusiasm for this grape has ensured it will remain a firm favorite amongst wine drinkers for many years to come.