There are few wine regions in the world with a reputation as glowing and well established as that of the Bordeaux, in France. Situated mainly around the Dordogne and Gironde rivers, Bordeaux makes the most of its humid climate and rich, clay and gravel based soils to grow some of the finest examples of red and white grape varietals on earth. Wineries in this region have been in operation for hundreds of years, and have carefully developed the expertise required for the production of carefully balanced and utterly delicious blended red and white wines, alongside some exceptional single variety bottles. Many of the chateaux found in Bordeaux have become household names, due to their prestige and the excellence of their products, grown with love and dedication by heritage wineries in this beautiful and special region.
The district known as Medoc, the most famous red wine district of Bordeaux, stretches northwest along the Left Bank of the Gironde River from the city of Bordeaux for more than 50 miles. The Haut-Medoc is located on higher ground, and is where the greatest wines are found. The so-called Bas-Medoc, (permitted to bear the appellation Medoc), is situated near the mouth of the Gironde, and is home to more simple wines.
The topography of Medoc is very flat, with warm, well-drained gravelly soils. The Haut-Medoc boasts some of the most famous wine communes including St-Estephe, St-Julien, Pauillac, Margaux (where classed growths are concentrated), and the slightly less-known Moulis and Listrac. Cabernet Sauvignon is king in Medoc, with additional plantings of the other Bordeaux red varieties Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot and Malbec.