America's favorite red wine passion, Merlot is known for its role, sometimes as the primary varietal, in the great wines of Bordeaux. It is, by nature, an earlier maturing grape than Cabernet Sauvignon, and tends to have rounder, plummier, more forward fruit with lower tannins so it is often used to soften and round out the edges of the more astringent Cabernet. It is the grape of choice in Pomerol and St. Emilion, and represents the basis for some of America's most popular red wines, particularly from Washington, Napa Valley, Sonoma Country, the Central Coast, Long Island, Texas, and yes, Colorado.
Despite being one of Italy's smallest wine regions, the central Italian region of Umbria is a vitally important one, and home to many of the country's finest and most historic wines and wineries. The reputation of Umbrian wines may have suffered in the 1970s, along with the produce of much of the rest of the country, but the 1980s and 1990s saw significant efforts made by vintners when it came to improving their produce and overall image. By consulting international oenologists, the wineries of Umbria were able to update their traditional techniques, and produce considerably finer wines from their Sangiovese grapes, as well as from imported varietals such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Chardonnay. Indeed, the barrel fermented white wines of Umbria, now made with a blend of Chardonnay and Grechetto varietal grapes, has gone on to be something of a flagship product for the region, and is regarded as one of the best and most characterful white wines in Italy.