Patagonia is perhaps not the first region of South America which comes to mind when we think of wine, but this unusual and surprising region is consistently impressing with many of the Old World style wines which are being produced there each year. The arid and cold landscape has proven to be actually quite good for vineyard cultivation, and is helped by seasonal warm winds which travel downwards from the equator in the winter time. Red wine grapes such as Pinot Noir and Malbec have produced impressive results, thanks to the traditional wine techniques brought to the region by European settlers, and the white wines made from varietals such as Riesling and Sauvignon Blanc regularly win awards for their exceptional character and interesting features.
Anyone who has been the Mendoza area of Argentina may be surprised to find that this is one of the primary wine regions of the country, now comfortably sitting as the fifth largest producer of wine in the world. The Mendoza is an incredibly dry and arid desert, which receives as little as two hundred millimeters of rainfall per year, and supports very little life at all. We can thank the ancient technologies of the Huarpes Indians for Argentina's current booming wine trade, as they managed to irrigate the region by digging channels from the Mendoza river, thus creating an area which had enough access to water with which to grow vines. Not only this, but the grape which Argentina primarily uses for their wines â€“ Malbec â€“ actually flourishes in such conditions, as it is less likely to suffer from the rot it so often finds in the considerably damper regions of Europe it has its origins in. Such expertise and foresight has resulted in Argentina being able to produce high quality wines of both red and white types, with Malbec, Bonarda and Cabernet Sauvignon dominating the vineyards for red wines, and TorrontÃ©s, Chardonnay and Chenin Blanc making up for most of the white wine produced there.