Patagonia, despite being something of a cold and desolate region of south-South America, has over the past few decades really begun to establish itself as an important wine region of the New World. Although the climate is generally considered to be far too cold for successful vineyard cultivation, it is greatly helped by the warming effect of 'La Zonda', an unusual warm winter wind which blows down through the continent and provides both heat and moisture, something which helps wineries produce their characterful wines. The wineries of Patagonia are clearly inspired by their eclectic European origins, and it is widely regarded that Patagonia has far more in common with the Old World than the New. Although the red wines of Patagonia are often very successful, it is the white wines of the region particularly stand out from the crowd, with grapes such as Riesling and Chardonnay doing very well indeed.
Anyone who has been the Mendoza area of Argentina may be surprised to find that this is one of the primary wine regions of the country, now comfortably sitting as the fifth largest producer of wine in the world. The Mendoza is an incredibly dry and arid desert, which receives as little as two hundred millimeters of rainfall per year, and supports very little life at all. We can thank the ancient technologies of the Huarpes Indians for Argentina's current booming wine trade, as they managed to irrigate the region by digging channels from the Mendoza river, thus creating an area which had enough access to water with which to grow vines. Not only this, but the grape which Argentina primarily uses for their wines â€“ Malbec â€“ actually flourishes in such conditions, as it is less likely to suffer from the rot it so often finds in the considerably damper regions of Europe it has its origins in. Such expertise and foresight has resulted in Argentina being able to produce high quality wines of both red and white types, with Malbec, Bonarda and Cabernet Sauvignon dominating the vineyards for red wines, and TorrontÃ©s, Chardonnay and Chenin Blanc making up for most of the white wine produced there.