Region: Limestone Coast
The Limestone Coast is one of the most well known and highly esteemed wine regions of South Australia, situated near the border with Victoria in the south-eastern part of the country. Limestone Coast has proven over the decades to be something of an ideal region for vineyard cultivation, as it benefits enormously from beautiful climatic conditions which include plenty of year round sunshine, tempered by brisk oceanic winds. All of the vineyards in the region are situated at low altitudes, and even during the dry ripening season, the vineyards are close enough to the water table to have plenty of access to the moisture required for growing exceptional, healthy and flavorful grapes. When it comes to grape varietals, vintners have had success with a wide range of grapes. However, the Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz varietals produce the most famous red wines of the region, with Chardonnay and Viognier grapes proving to be exceptionally fine for the region's white wines.
Whilst most of Australia consists of arid deserts and dense bushland, the oceanic coasts to the south of the country have a terrain and climate ideal for vine cultivation and wine production. It took several decades of failed attempts at the end of the 18th century in order to produce vines of a decent enough quality for making wine, but since those first false starts, the Australian wine industry has continued to grow and grow. Today, wine production makes up for a considerable part of the Australian economy, with exports in recent years reaching unprecedented levels and even overtaking France for the first time ever. Whilst the greatest successes in regards to quality have been the result of the Syrah grape varietal (known locally as Shiraz), Australia utilizes several Old World grapes, and has had fantastic results from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Riesling, Chardonnay and more. As the Australian passion for locally produced wine continues to develop, wineries have begun experimenting with a wider range of grape varietals, meaning that nowadays it isn't uncommon to find high quality Australian wines made from Petit Verdot, Sangiovese, Tempranillo and Viognier, amongst many others.