The north westerly region of Lombardy in Italy has long been recognized as a highly important center for viticulture, and despite the region being dominated by industry and huge cities such as Milan, it also has mile upon mile of beautiful, unspoilt green space ideal for growing vines. For centuries, the shores of the stunning and expansive Lake Garda have been home to many of Italy's finest vineyards, where the temperature is cooler and more suitable for slowly ripening grapes of exceedingly high quality. Today, Lombardy primarily produces superbly crisp and flavorful white wines made from the Trebbiano varietal grape. However, recent decades have seen much successful experimentation with Bordeaux varietals such as Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Noir, making this a thoroughly modern wine region, albeit one steeped in history and tradition.
There are few countries in the world with a viticultural history as long or as illustrious as that claimed by Italy. Grapes were first being grown and cultivated on Italian soil several thousand years ago by the Greeks and the Pheonicians, who named Italy 'Oenotria' â€“ the land of wines â€“ so impressed were they with the climate and the suitability of the soil for wine production. Of course, it was the rise of the Roman Empire which had the most lasting influence on wine production in Italy, and their influence can still be felt today, as much of the riches of the empire came about through their enthusiasm for producing wines and exporting it to neighbouring countries. Since those times, a vast amount of Italian land has remained primarily for vine cultivation, and thousands of wineries can be found throughout the entire length and breadth of this beautiful country, drenched in Mediterranean sunshine and benefiting from the excellent fertile soils found there. Italy remains very much a 'land of wines', and one could not imagine this country, its landscape and culture, without it.