Varietal: Sauvignon Blanc
The green skinned grapes of the Sauvignon Blanc varietal had their origins in Southern France, where they are still widely grown and used for many of the excellent young and aged white wines the region is famous for. Today, however, they are grown in almost every wine producing country in the world, and are widely revered for their fresh and grassy flavors, full of tropical notes and refreshing, zesty character. Sauvignon Blanc grapes thrive best in moderate climates, and ripen relatively early in the year. This has made them a favorite for many wineries in the New World, where they can still produce healthy and high yields in the earlier part of the summer before the temperatures become too hot. Too much heat has a massively adverse effect on Sauvignon Blanc, as the grapes become dull in their flavor, and the wine produced from them loses all its unique character and high points. As such, Sauvignon Blanc farmers have had a lot of trouble from global warming and climate change, as they are being forced to harvest their crops increasingly earlier in the year when it is cool enough to do so.
Region: Trentino/Alto Adige
Trentino-Alto Adige in northern Italy is a beautiful and fascinating wine region, with centuries of viticultural history creating a unique identity and set of flavours and aromas associated with it. Due to its closeness to the Italian borders, there are plenty of international influences found in the wines of Trentino-Alto Adige, most notably coming from the nearby Germanic countries on the other side of the Alps. The Alps play a huge role in the wine culture of the region, as the foothills provide exquisite mountain waters, as well as plenty of interesting soil types on which to grow the vines, resulting in wines full of mountain flavors, alpine aromas and a truly unique character. Wineries in the region love to use the few native grape varietals for their wines, as these are excellent for expressing the unique terroir of Trentino-Alto Adige, however, it is now more common to find better known international varietals listed on bottles, which have helped the world wake up to the wonderful wines of this special region.
It isn't difficult to understand why Italy is famed not just for the quality of its wines, but also for the vast variety and range of characteristics found in the wines there. The terrain of the country varies wildly, from the lush rolling green hills and valley of Tuscany, to the sun drenched rocky coasts of Sicily, the mountainous and alpine regions of the north, and the marshy lowlands of the east. Italy really does have a little bit of everything. Combine this huge range of landscapes with an almost perfect climate for grape cultivation, and you have a country seemingly designed for viticultural excellence. The results speak for themselves, and it is clear to see that wine has become an inseparable part of Italian culture as a result of its abundance and brilliance. Each village, city and region has a local wine perfectly matched with the cuisine of the area, and not an evening passes without the vast majority of Italian families raising a glass of locally sourced wine with pride and pleasure.