There are few white wine grape varietals as famous or widely appreciated as the Chardonnay, and with good reason. This highly flexible and adaptable grape quickly became a favorite of wineries due to its fairly neutral character. This neutrality allows the wineries to really show off what they are capable of doing, by allowing features of their terroir or aging process to come forward in the bottle. As well as this, most high quality wineries which produce Chardonnay wines take great efforts to induce what is known as malolactic fermentation, which is the conversion of tart malic acids in the grapes to creamy, buttery lactic acids associated with fine Chardonnay. Whilst the popularity of Chardonnay wines has fluctuated quite a considerable amount over the past few decades, it seems the grape varietal allows enough experimentation and versatility for it always to make a successful comeback.
Region: Margaret River
The Margaret River region of Australia is one of the country's primary wine producing regions, being responsible for producing up to and around twenty percent of the country's wines. The excellent terroirs of this south-westerly region, coupled with the brisk oceanic breezes and superb levels of balanced humidity result in healthy grapevines, offering high yields of consistent high quality. Indeed, the climate of Margaret River has been often compared to that of Bordeaux in France, something which bodes very well for vintners operating in the region. Both red and white wine grape varietals are grown widely throughout Margaret River, with the cooler areas of the region offering superb SÃ©millon and Sauvignon Blanc varietals, and the warmer parts of the region producing the ever popular Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon grapes which Australia is best known for.
With over sixteen thousand hectares of Australian land now under vine, Australia has become something of a world leader in regards to wine production. One of Australia's key attributes to their success has been their willingness to leave traditional vineyard practices to one side, and develop techniques which are perfectly suited to a New World country. Modern Australian wineries take into consideration the climate and the unique soil types which cover much of their country, and have had fantastic results from cross-breeding programs and blending practices which make the most of the grape varietals which thrive most successfully there, notably the Shiraz and Chardonnay grapes. In recent years, Australia has been lauded as the 'most influential' wine producing country in the world, and the rest of the New World is looking down under for inspiration, and the ability to produce comparable fine wines on their own terrain.