Varietal: Sauvignon Blanc
One of the most commonly planted and cultivated white wine grape varietals in the world is the Sauvignon Blanc. This green skinned grape originated in southern France, where it is still grown today and produced into exceptionally high quality wines. However, it is also very much a varietal of the New World, and can be found almost anywhere with the correct climatic conditions for it to thrive in. Generally, Sauvignon Blanc grapes prefer cooler climates, and benefit best from an early harvest. Too much exposure to heat causes the juices inside the fruit to lose much of their character, and results in flat, uninteresting wines devoid of the grapes' usual bite and crispiness. In many countries, Sauvignon Blanc grape juices are aged in barrels, and are allowed to undergo malolactic fermentation, which transforms this dry and refreshing, zesty and fruity white wine into something far mellower, more buttery and refined.
Region: Margaret River
The region of Margaret River is a beautiful part of south west Australia, and has proven to be one of the most versatile and successful wine regions in the country. Many experts have claimed that the climatic conditions of Margaret River are remarkably similar to those found in the Bordeaux, several thousand miles away in France. As such, it should come as no surprise that many Bordeaux varietals, including Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc and SÃ©millon thrive well there, and grow to full ripeness in the blazing sunshine, thus expressing plenty of delicious fruity flavors. Currently, Margaret River has around fifty thousand hectares under vine, and this coastal region boasts over a hundred and fifty wineries, which produce up to twenty percent of Australia's wines.
With over sixteen thousand hectares of Australian land now under vine, Australia has become something of a world leader in regards to wine production. One of Australia's key attributes to their success has been their willingness to leave traditional vineyard practices to one side, and develop techniques which are perfectly suited to a New World country. Modern Australian wineries take into consideration the climate and the unique soil types which cover much of their country, and have had fantastic results from cross-breeding programs and blending practices which make the most of the grape varietals which thrive most successfully there, notably the Shiraz and Chardonnay grapes. In recent years, Australia has been lauded as the 'most influential' wine producing country in the world, and the rest of the New World is looking down under for inspiration, and the ability to produce comparable fine wines on their own terrain.