Of all the white wine grape varietals, surely the one which has spread the furthest and is most widely appreciated is the Chardonnay. This green skinned grape is now grown all over the Old and New Worlds, from New Zealand to the Americas, from England to Chile, and is one of the first varietals people think of when considering white wine grapes. Perhaps this is because of its huge popularity which reached a peak in the 1990s, thanks to new technologies combining with traditional methods to bring the very best features out of the Chardonnay grape, and allow its unique qualities to shine through. Most fine Chardonnay wines use a process known as malolactic fermentation, wherein the malic acids in the grape juice are converted to lactic acids, allowing a creamier, buttery nature to come forward in the wine. No grape varietal is better suited to this process than Chardonnay, which manages to balance these silky, creamy notes with fresh white fruit flavors beautifully.
Region: Languedoc Roussillon
Languedoc Roussillon is a fascinating region of France for wine, culture and history. Having over 700,000 acres under vine, Languedoc Roussillon is the single biggest wine region on earth, providing the world with millions of bottles of wine each year. Indeed, the annual output of Languedoc Roussillon alone is larger than that of the United States, and despite the vast quantity of wine it producer, wineries in Languedoc Roussillon have never lost sight of the fact they are dedicated to quality first and foremost. The climate of the region is one of the most ideal on earth for viticulture, with months of blazing sunshine tempered by cooling breezes and plenty of moisture, resulting in wonderfully ripened grapes packed full of fascinating flavors and characteristics.
French winemakers are subjected to several laws and regulations regarding the wines they produce, and how they can be labeled and sold. Such procedures are designed to increase the overall quality of the country's produce, and also to ensure that wines made in each particular region or appellation are of a character and type which is representative of the area. Thankfully for consumers of wine world-wide, the French have a particularly high reputation to uphold, and seem to do so flawlessly. Every year, wineries from all over France produce millions upon millions of bottles of fine wine, making the most of their native grape varieties and the excellent terrain which covers most of the country. From the expensive and exquisite red wines of Bordeaux and Burgundy, to the white wines and cremants of central France, the French are dedicated to providing the world with wines of the highest quality and most distinctive character.