Varietal: Gruner Veltliner
At the forefront of high quality central European wines is the much admired Gruner Veltliner grape varietal. This pale skinned and highly versatile grape can be used for the production of excellent still white wines, as well as soft, mellow and beautifully aged wines. In many regions around central Europe, winemakers use the Gruner Veltliner to make elegant sparkling wines, which are highly appreciated by wine drinkers for the fact that they have an ability to clearly express the delightfully mineral-rich tones of the terroir the grapes were grown on. Due to the success and pervading popularity of the Gruner Veltliner varietal in many parts of Europe, recent decades have seen this grape being cultivated in several, cooler regions in the New World, to much success.
Burgenland in eastern Austria is affectionately known as the country's 'red wine quarter', due to the fact that, unlike in the rest of the country, the vineyards of Burgenland are used almost exclusively for the cultivation of fine red wine grapes. This is partly due to the fact that the easternmost region of Austria, close to the Slovakian and Hungarian border, receives far more sunshine than the rest of the country. Alongside this, Burgenland is close to the country's great lakes, resulting in plenty of warmth and moisture which helps grape varietals such as Pinot Noir, Zwiegelt and Blaufrankisch reach full ripeness each year, and allows them to express much of their fine and unique terroir. Burgenland's wines are elegant, flavorful and perfect for those seeking something a little different.
Austria has a wonderfully long and illustrious history of wine production which stretches back over four thousand years, and reached its zenith under the Austria-Hungary dual monarchy in the late 19th century, when Vienna was one of the most important centers of culture and fine living in the world. Today, Austria's fertile soils and long, hot summers help the fifty thousand hectares of vineyards in the country achieve exceptionally high quality yields, which are used primarily for the production of the elegant dry white wines for which the country is renowned. The most important grape varietal is still GrÃ¼ner Veltliner, although many wineries are beginning to expand their repertoire and experiment with many imported grapes from France and further afield, including Pinot Noir and Chardonnay.