Varietal: Gruner Veltliner
The pale skinned green grapes of the Gruner Veltliner varietal have been grown in and around central Europe for several centuries, and are a very important and popular grape with smallholders and those who produce the house wines which are typical of the region. They are grown extensively on the cool, windy hillsides of Austria, Czech Republic and Slovakia, where they are admired for their ability to express the mineral-rich nature of the terroir they thrive in. Gruner Veltliner is a highly versatile varietal, capable of producing excellent still and sparkling wines, as well as beautifully rounded and subtle aged wines which are packed full of interesting and unique flavors Most commonly, they are associated with the flavors of citrus fruits, peaches, tobacco and white pepper.
The wine regions of Austria reveal an impressive array of grape varietals and wine styles, and yet this ancient and proud land, once the home to the favorite wines of the crowned head of Europe, is still mostly known for its off-dry, fine white wines and dessert wines. The region of Burgenland provides a little variety to the produce of Austria, and due to the exceptional amount of sunshine the region receives, and its proximity to the vast lakes of eastern Austria, it is known as the country's 'red wine quarter'. Indeed, the vast majority of grapes grown in Burgenland are for the production of Austria's characterful and flavorful red wines, made from the Pinot Noir, Zwiegelt and Blaufrankisch grapes which flourish in the fine terroir found there.
Archaeological evidence suggests that grapevines have been grown and cultivated in what is today modern Austria for over four thousand years, making it one of the oldest wine producing countries in the world. Over the centuries, relatively little has changed in Austrian wine, with the dominant grape varietals continuing to be GrÃ¼ner Veltliner, Zweigelt, Pinot Noir and others. Austria is renowned for producing excellent and characterful dry white wines, although in the eastern part of the country, many wineries specialist in sweeter white wines made in a similar style to those of neighboring Hungary. Today, Austria has over fifty thousand hectares under vine, split over four key wine regions. The domestic wine industry remains strong, with Austrians drinking their local produce outside in the summer, and people around the world are beginning to once more rediscover this fascinating and ancient wine culture.