One of the world's most fascinating and unusual wine regions has to be that of Salta, situated in the far north of Argentina. Found just twenty four degrees of latitude from the equator, Salta would undoubtedly be far too hot for vine cultivation were it not for the fact that it is also situated at an elevation of up to three thousand meters above sea level. As such, this odd balance manages to cancel out any negative climatic attributes, and results in a surprisingly ideal environment for growing several different grape varietals to full ripeness. The wines of Salta are celebrated for their fruit-forward nature, and the fact that they manage to express the freshness and mineral rich quality of their terroir in ways quite unlike any found elsewhere in South America.
As the world's fifth largest producer of wine, after France, Italy, Spain and the United States, Argentina has plenty to offer the international wine market in regards to both quantity and quality. Despite this being the case for several decades now, it has only been since the end of the twentieth century that the Argentinian wine industry has really begun to up their game when it comes to the methods and techniques required to produce world class wines, which are both representative of their country and region of origin, and which stand alone as complex, interesting and delicious wines to drink. As Argentina became a serious contender in the international wine market, wineries previously concerned primarily with high volumes began to change their priorities, and formerly struggling small bodegas and independent wineries began to find success. Nowadays, well crafted wines from smaller vineyards in Argentina are being lauded as some of the finest in the world, and the country is starting to reap the benefits of its heritage, which include some very old vines, and up to four centuries of experience in wine production.