The wine region of Salta, found at the extreme north of Argentina, has to be one of the most unique regions for viticulture in the world. With an altitude sometimes exceeding three thousand meters above sea level, and lying only twenty four degrees from the equator, this unusual mix of geographical features manages to provide a landscape and a set of terroirs surprisingly ideal for vineyard cultivation. With exceptional Chardonnay, Malbec, Cabernet Sauvignon and Tannat grapes growing here to full ripeness each year, it seems likely that Salta will continue to grow as an important New World wine region, whose wines will continue to win awards and accolades worldwide. Indeed, the two key wine making provinces of Salta - Cafayate and Molinos â€“ have increased their production rates by a considerable margin over the past few decades due to increased demand and interest in Argentinian wines.
As the world's fifth largest producer of wine, after France, Italy, Spain and the United States, Argentina has plenty to offer the international wine market in regards to both quantity and quality. Despite this being the case for several decades now, it has only been since the end of the twentieth century that the Argentinian wine industry has really begun to up their game when it comes to the methods and techniques required to produce world class wines, which are both representative of their country and region of origin, and which stand alone as complex, interesting and delicious wines to drink. As Argentina became a serious contender in the international wine market, wineries previously concerned primarily with high volumes began to change their priorities, and formerly struggling small bodegas and independent wineries began to find success. Nowadays, well crafted wines from smaller vineyards in Argentina are being lauded as some of the finest in the world, and the country is starting to reap the benefits of its heritage, which include some very old vines, and up to four centuries of experience in wine production.