Vermentino grapes are thought to have originated in Spain, and this white wine varietal is still grown in small quantities on Spanish land. However, it quickly moved eastwards to Italy, and found a new home in the warm and sunny Mediterranean climate there, where it became highly popular due to its hardiness and resistance to rot. Today, it is most closely associated with the islands of Corsica and Sardinia, where it is widely grown and used for producing both fine white wines and table wines, prized for their freshness and acidity. Vermentino wines tend to be rather light in body and low in alcohol, which allows their crispness and acidic nature to come forward, and their flavors of lime and green apple to shine.
Of all the wine regions in Australia, the one which has been attracting the most attention and excitement in recent years is undoubtedly that of the Fleurieu peninsula, located close to Adelaide in the southern part of the country. The reason for all of the excitement surrounding this area is due to the fact that Fleurieu, being a peninsula, has plenty of interesting and unique micro-climates, resulting in a fascinating range of range. Indeed, the region has become known as one in which winemakers can practice a wide range of techniques, and produce a range of different wine styles depending on just where they grow their vines. Fleurieu is still most commonly associated with Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon wines, although recent years have seen plenty of experimentation when it comes to varietals cultivated.
Whilst most of Australia consists of arid deserts and dense bushland, the oceanic coasts to the south of the country have a terrain and climate ideal for vine cultivation and wine production. It took several decades of failed attempts at the end of the 18th century in order to produce vines of a decent enough quality for making wine, but since those first false starts, the Australian wine industry has continued to grow and grow. Today, wine production makes up for a considerable part of the Australian economy, with exports in recent years reaching unprecedented levels and even overtaking France for the first time ever. Whilst the greatest successes in regards to quality have been the result of the Syrah grape varietal (known locally as Shiraz), Australia utilizes several Old World grapes, and has had fantastic results from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Riesling, Chardonnay and more. As the Australian passion for locally produced wine continues to develop, wineries have begun experimenting with a wider range of grape varietals, meaning that nowadays it isn't uncommon to find high quality Australian wines made from Petit Verdot, Sangiovese, Tempranillo and Viognier, amongst many others.