Varietal: Cabernet Sauvignon
Since their conception in 18th century France, Cabernet Sauvignon grapes have flourished across the Old and New Worlds and have changed the way we think about red wine forever. Their sharp and astringent nature has a wonderful ability to mellow and round with age, and when helped by being blended with Merlot and Petit Verdot or Cabernet Franc varietals â€“ as is done in Bordeaux and elsewhere â€“ the results can be truly remarkable. What is most special about Cabernet Sauvignon grapes is the fact that they have a true affinity for oak, and when aged in barrels made of this fragrant wood, the wine which comes out of them a few years later holds an amazing array of flavors and aromas, making Cabernet Sauvignon based wines some of the most memorable in the world. Single variety bottles from the New World made from this grape are also increasing in popularity, as the strong flavors and full-bodied nature of these wines is a great match for many global cuisines.
Patagonia, despite being something of a cold and desolate region of south-South America, has over the past few decades really begun to establish itself as an important wine region of the New World. Although the climate is generally considered to be far too cold for successful vineyard cultivation, it is greatly helped by the warming effect of 'La Zonda', an unusual warm winter wind which blows down through the continent and provides both heat and moisture, something which helps wineries produce their characterful wines. The wineries of Patagonia are clearly inspired by their eclectic European origins, and it is widely regarded that Patagonia has far more in common with the Old World than the New. Although the red wines of Patagonia are often very successful, it is the white wines of the region particularly stand out from the crowd, with grapes such as Riesling and Chardonnay doing very well indeed.
In the dry, arid deserts of Argentina, wineries and winemakers are focusing their efforts on producing high quality wines for the world market. By experimenting with both traditional and modern methods and technologies, they have found great success with a wide variety of grapes well suited to the conditions of the country, particularly Malbec, Bonarda and Cabernet Sauvignon. Over the past decade, Argentinian wineries have continued to aim high, and this has led to a range of new wines using grape varietals not typically associated with the country. The cooler regions of Argentina are seeing more vineyards being planted with Cabernet Franc and Pinot Noir varietals, something that is beginning to produce fantastic results, which are at once representative of the country's wines - with all their fruity and bold character - but are also pushing the boundaries of what we expect from a New World country.