Varietal: Cabernet Sauvignon
From the valleys of California and Chile to the rolling hillsides of the Bordeaux region of France, the one red wine grape varietal you will find in abundance is the Cabernet Sauvignon. This darkly colored grape has been cultivated since the mid 18th century, when it was borne from a cross of fine Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc varietals. Since then, it has spread around the world and has been received with pleasure by wineries looking for a varietal which delivers excellence of flavor and aroma, whilst being hardy enough to resist frost and rot and other such difficulties. Indeed, Cabernet Sauvignon is probably the most recognizable red wine grape varietal on earth, and is easily distinguished by its high tannin level and acidic nature, which is often so beautifully mellowed by being blended with Merlot and other such grapes.
Patagonia is a rather fascinating and somewhat unlikely New World wine region. Despite being mostly in Argentina, it bears little to no resemblance whatsoever to the more famous Argentinian region of Cuyo, being instead at a low altitude, much further south, and considerably colder. However, unusual weather conditions, and a benevolent mountain wind known as 'La Zonda' help wineries in Patagonia produce highly characterful wines, which generally have far more in common with traditionally French and German wines than their New World counterparts. Riesling, Pinot Noir and Chardonnay, amongst others, all grow very well in this chilly and windswept place, helped by the mineral rich soils and the expertise of the vintners, many of whom have been working the land of Patagonia for several generations.
In the dry, arid deserts of Argentina, wineries and winemakers are focusing their efforts on producing high quality wines for the world market. By experimenting with both traditional and modern methods and technologies, they have found great success with a wide variety of grapes well suited to the conditions of the country, particularly Malbec, Bonarda and Cabernet Sauvignon. Over the past decade, Argentinian wineries have continued to aim high, and this has led to a range of new wines using grape varietals not typically associated with the country. The cooler regions of Argentina are seeing more vineyards being planted with Cabernet Franc and Pinot Noir varietals, something that is beginning to produce fantastic results, which are at once representative of the country's wines - with all their fruity and bold character - but are also pushing the boundaries of what we expect from a New World country.