Varietal: Cabernet Sauvignon
Since their conception in 18th century France, Cabernet Sauvignon grapes have flourished across the Old and New Worlds and have changed the way we think about red wine forever. Their sharp and astringent nature has a wonderful ability to mellow and round with age, and when helped by being blended with Merlot and Petit Verdot or Cabernet Franc varietals â€“ as is done in Bordeaux and elsewhere â€“ the results can be truly remarkable. What is most special about Cabernet Sauvignon grapes is the fact that they have a true affinity for oak, and when aged in barrels made of this fragrant wood, the wine which comes out of them a few years later holds an amazing array of flavors and aromas, making Cabernet Sauvignon based wines some of the most memorable in the world. Single variety bottles from the New World made from this grape are also increasing in popularity, as the strong flavors and full-bodied nature of these wines is a great match for many global cuisines.
When it comes to Patagonia, one would be forgiven for expressing surprise at the region's ever growing and successful wine industry. Cold, dry and comparatively flat, this low altitude region of South America has been inhabited for a couple of centuries by an eclectic mix of European settlers, who, over time, began planting vineyards of grapes imported from their native lands. Despite the conditions being less than favorable for viticulture, vintners are helped by some unusual weather phenomenons, and generations of expertise and perseverance. Today, the wine industry of Patagonia is doing well, with several Old World grape varietals thriving there. Whilst the red wines of the region - made commonly with Pinot Noir and Malbec grapes - are highly regarded, it is the white wines which impress the most on the world stage, and it is likely Patagonia will continue to grow as an important New World wine region over the next few decades.
As the world's fifth largest producer of wine, after France, Italy, Spain and the United States, Argentina has plenty to offer the international wine market in regards to both quantity and quality. Despite this being the case for several decades now, it has only been since the end of the twentieth century that the Argentinian wine industry has really begun to up their game when it comes to the methods and techniques required to produce world class wines, which are both representative of their country and region of origin, and which stand alone as complex, interesting and delicious wines to drink. As Argentina became a serious contender in the international wine market, wineries previously concerned primarily with high volumes began to change their priorities, and formerly struggling small bodegas and independent wineries began to find success. Nowadays, well crafted wines from smaller vineyards in Argentina are being lauded as some of the finest in the world, and the country is starting to reap the benefits of its heritage, which include some very old vines, and up to four centuries of experience in wine production.