In the past couple of decades, the sales of wines made with Chardonnay grapes has risen and fallen more than once. For many people, this green skinned grape was marred by a poor reputation for bland and uninteresting wines, a great shame considering the fact that Chardonnay grapes have proven time and time again to be interesting, versatile and full of surprises. Most commonly, fine Chardonnay wines are buttery, smooth and creamy as a result of malolactic fermentation, yet with hints of tropical fruits and orchard fruits such as apples and pears. What is most remarkable about Chardonnay grapes, however, is the fact that unlike many other 'white' grapes, they are exceptionally good at holding the characteristics of their terroir in the bottle. As such, despite their fluctuating reputation, this is one grape varietal which produces constantly surprising, impressive and varied wines.
Patagonia, despite being something of a cold and desolate region of south-South America, has over the past few decades really begun to establish itself as an important wine region of the New World. Although the climate is generally considered to be far too cold for successful vineyard cultivation, it is greatly helped by the warming effect of 'La Zonda', an unusual warm winter wind which blows down through the continent and provides both heat and moisture, something which helps wineries produce their characterful wines. The wineries of Patagonia are clearly inspired by their eclectic European origins, and it is widely regarded that Patagonia has far more in common with the Old World than the New. Although the red wines of Patagonia are often very successful, it is the white wines of the region particularly stand out from the crowd, with grapes such as Riesling and Chardonnay doing very well indeed.
As the world's fifth largest producer of wine, after France, Italy, Spain and the United States, Argentina has plenty to offer the international wine market in regards to both quantity and quality. Despite this being the case for several decades now, it has only been since the end of the twentieth century that the Argentinian wine industry has really begun to up their game when it comes to the methods and techniques required to produce world class wines, which are both representative of their country and region of origin, and which stand alone as complex, interesting and delicious wines to drink. As Argentina became a serious contender in the international wine market, wineries previously concerned primarily with high volumes began to change their priorities, and formerly struggling small bodegas and independent wineries began to find success. Nowadays, well crafted wines from smaller vineyards in Argentina are being lauded as some of the finest in the world, and the country is starting to reap the benefits of its heritage, which include some very old vines, and up to four centuries of experience in wine production.