The Carignan grape varietal has been grown and processed in Europe for centuries, and is thought to have originated in the Aragon region of Spain. Indeed, it is still sometimes used in the production of Spain's famous blended Rioja wines, where its high astringency, tannins and acidity levels lend a bit of a boost to the other grape varietals in the blend. Nowadays, the Carignan varietal is most commonly associated with the fine red wines of Languedoc, where it is grown is large quantities by expert vintners who know how to deal with its often harsh characteristics. Carignan is particularly susceptible to all kinds of rot and mildew, and as such thrives in hotter, drier climates. However, given careful treatment, it is a fine and versatile grape varietal which can produce superb wines of excellent character.
Since the 18th century, California has been a hugely important and influential wine region, acting as a trailblazer for other New World wine regions and utilizing an important blend of traditional and contemporary practices, methods and techniques relating to their wine production. Split into four key areas â€“ the North Coast, the Central Coast, the South Coast and the Central Valley â€“ Californian wineries make the most of their ideal climate and rich variety of terrains in order to produce a fascinating range of wines made with a long list of different fine grape varietals. Today, the state has almost half a million acres under vine, and is one of the world's largest wine exporters, with Californian wines being drunk and enjoyed all across the globe.
Country: United States
Of all the New World wine countries, perhaps the one which has demonstrated the most flair for producing high quality wines - using a combination of traditional and forward-thinking contemporary methods - has been the United States of America. For the past couple of centuries, the United States has set about transforming much of its suitable land into vast vineyards, capable of supporting a wide variety of world-class grape varietals which thrive on both the Atlantic and the Pacific coastlines. Of course, we immediately think of sun-drenched California in regards to American wines, with its enormous vineyards responsible for the New World's finest examples of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot based wines, but many other states have taken to viticulture in a big way, with impressive results. Oregon, Washington State and New York have all developed sophisticated and technologically advanced wine cultures of their own, and the output of U.S wineries is increasing each year as more and more people are converted to their produce.