The vineyards situated around the Douro river in Portugal are amongst the oldest in Europe, and the area has been used for cultivating grapevines for at least two thousand years. As such, this is a region where tradition is strong, and authenticity is key, leading to characterful wines of real quality and uniquely Portuguese flavors. Although the region is most commonly known for its delicious and aromatic fortified wines, wineries and vintners of the Douro also make still red and white wines of great quality, using the many grape varietals which flourish there. Several red and white wine grape varietals grow extremely well in the region, thanks to the long hot summers and mild autumns the Douro enjoys, and each is used to its full potential by vintners with generations of experience and expertise.
Most of us are quick to associate Portugal primarily with the excellent fortified wines which come out of the Porto area, but there is much more to Portuguese viticulture than just this. Perhaps the most popular still wines the country produces are the varieties from the Vinho Verde region, which uses grapes that do not achieve high doses of sugar, meaning the wines are at their best when young and full of natural, springy fruit flavors The wines of the Douro region have undergone many transformations in their flavor and character over the centuries; once regarded as a bitter wine, the exporters experimented with fortifying the wine with brandy. After several centuries, vintners found a balance in the modern age which is at once reminiscent of Port wine, yet with the structure and character closer to other fine Portuguese wines. Thanks to the appellation system of Portugal and the strict laws governing wine production, Portuguese wines continue to maintain their reputation for quality and the distinctive characteristics they carry.