For over a thousand years in its native Italy, the Trebbiano grape has been grown and cultivated for the production of high quality white wines. Its success on home soil led to the grape being planted in several other European countries, and later in the New World where it has also proven to be popular. Whilst the Trebbiano varietal grape is most commonly associated with fortified wines, it is also commonly used as a blending grape, as its naturally high acidity makes it ideal for boosting less acidic blends. Trebbiano grapes are also cultivated in Italy for the production of fine single variety white wines, and wine makers prize the Trebbiano for the fact that it is excellent for expressing terroir. Indeed, alongside the expected flavors of citrus fruits, it is common to pick up mineral notes and all sorts of pleasant surprises in wines made from this grape.
The region of Umbria in central Italy is one of the country's most interesting wine regions, as well as being one of the most ancient. Umbria was home to many of the Roman's finest wines, and ancient civilizations such as the Romans were quick to recognize the potential a small region such as Umbria had, with its rolling, lush green hillsides, long hot summers and cooler ripening periods. Today, the region has a strong and characterful wine industry, with wineries in Umbria keen to experiment with blending together native grape varietals such as Sangiovese and Grechetto with imported Bordeaux varietals, in order to produce truly unique and exceedingly delicious wines. Tradition still plays an important role in Umbria, however, and wineries in the region are keen to use modern techniques alongside their time honored methods in order to produce the best wines possible.
For several decades in the mid to late twentieth century, Italy's reputation for quality wines took a fairly serious blow. This was brought about partly due to lack of regulation in certain regions, and too much regulation in others. This led to several wineries in the beautiful and highly fertile region of Tuscany making the bold move to work outside of the law, which they saw as responsible for the drop in quality in Tuscan wines. They believed that they had the expertise and the generations of experience necessary with which to make truly excellent, world class wines, and set about doing just that. These 'Super Tuscans', as they came to be known, quickly inspired the rest of Italy to improve their produce, and now, Italian wine producers in the twenty-first century are widely recognised to be amongst the best in the world. Regulation and law began to change, and wine drinkers across the globe woke up to the outstanding wines coming out of Italy, which are continuing to improve and impress to this day.