Varietal: Gruner Veltliner
At the forefront of high quality central European wines is the much admired Gruner Veltliner grape varietal. This pale skinned and highly versatile grape can be used for the production of excellent still white wines, as well as soft, mellow and beautifully aged wines. In many regions around central Europe, winemakers use the Gruner Veltliner to make elegant sparkling wines, which are highly appreciated by wine drinkers for the fact that they have an ability to clearly express the delightfully mineral-rich tones of the terroir the grapes were grown on. Due to the success and pervading popularity of the Gruner Veltliner varietal in many parts of Europe, recent decades have seen this grape being cultivated in several, cooler regions in the New World, to much success.
Region: Rheingau / Rheinhessen
Rheingau, on the valley sides of the beautiful Rhine river in Germany, has long since been home to many of the country's finest white wines. With a relatively small area of three thousand hectares under vine, Rheingau has always been a region more concerned with quality than quantity, and the wineries of the Rheingau region feature master wine makers with generations of experience and expertise in getting the very best flavors from their grapes. The grapes in question are almost always of the Riesling varietal, and ancient grape renowned for its dry and crisp character, and its ability to express the finest features of the terroir it grows on. In Rheingau, the terroir is nothing less than superb, featuring clear, crystal mountain waters, mineral rich soils and a mild, cool climate in which Riesling grapes flourish and thrive, producing wines of real distinction and beautiful flavours.
As in many Old World countries, the rise of viticulture in Germany came about as a result of the Roman Empire, who saw the potential for vine cultivation in the vast flatlands around the base of the Rhine valley. Indeed, for over a thousand years, Germany's wine production levels were enormous, with much of the south of the country being used more or less exclusively for growing grapes. Over time, this diminished to make way for expanding cities and other types of industries, but Southern Germany remains very much an important wine region within Europe, with many beautifully balanced and flavorful German wines being prized by locals and international wine lovers alike. The hills around Baden-Baden and Mannheim are especially noteworthy, as these produce the high end of the characteristic semi-sweet white wines which couple so perfectly with German cheeses and pickled vegetables. However, all of Germany's wine producing regions have something special and unique to offer, and are a joy to explore and experience.