Region: South Australia
South Australia is one of the world's most productive wine regions, with millions of bottles being produced annually in this vast area. The region itself is highly varied when it comes to both terrain and climatic conditions, and much of the region needs year round irrigation from freshwater sources in order to keep the arid and dry land fertile enough to support vines. Wineries in South Australia were first established over a century ago, and have been operating in the global market for decades now, having learned over time how best to grow their distinctive fine grape varietals in this often unpredictable and difficult place. The results have been excellent, with many of the finest Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling and Shiraz wines to come out of the New World having their home in South Australia.
Whilst most of Australia consists of arid deserts and dense bushland, the oceanic coasts to the south of the country have a terrain and climate ideal for vine cultivation and wine production. It took several decades of failed attempts at the end of the 18th century in order to produce vines of a decent enough quality for making wine, but since those first false starts, the Australian wine industry has continued to grow and grow. Today, wine production makes up for a considerable part of the Australian economy, with exports in recent years reaching unprecedented levels and even overtaking France for the first time ever. Whilst the greatest successes in regards to quality have been the result of the Syrah grape varietal (known locally as Shiraz), Australia utilizes several Old World grapes, and has had fantastic results from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Riesling, Chardonnay and more. As the Australian passion for locally produced wine continues to develop, wineries have begun experimenting with a wider range of grape varietals, meaning that nowadays it isn't uncommon to find high quality Australian wines made from Petit Verdot, Sangiovese, Tempranillo and Viognier, amongst many others.