Muscat grapes are widely understood to be one of the oldest grape varietals in the world, with many experts claiming that a surprising amount of grape varietals used in the production of fines wines are in fact descendants of this original species. They are characterized by their high juice content, and the fact that they almost always hold a powerful and pleasant floral aroma, alongside bright, fresh and tart fruity flavors with have plenty of space for the expression of terroir. Muscat varietal grapes are renowned for being highly versatile, and are regularly used for the production of a vast range of wines â€“ still dry white wines, elegant sparkling wines, sweet dessert wines and aromatic fortified wines are all often made from this special and unique grape.
Whilst most of Australia consists of arid deserts and dense bushland, the oceanic coasts to the south of the country have a terrain and climate ideal for vine cultivation and wine production. It took several decades of failed attempts at the end of the 18th century in order to produce vines of a decent enough quality for making wine, but since those first false starts, the Australian wine industry has continued to grow and grow. Today, wine production makes up for a considerable part of the Australian economy, with exports in recent years reaching unprecedented levels and even overtaking France for the first time ever. Whilst the greatest successes in regards to quality have been the result of the Syrah grape varietal (known locally as Shiraz), Australia utilizes several Old World grapes, and has had fantastic results from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Riesling, Chardonnay and more. As the Australian passion for locally produced wine continues to develop, wineries have begun experimenting with a wider range of grape varietals, meaning that nowadays it isn't uncommon to find high quality Australian wines made from Petit Verdot, Sangiovese, Tempranillo and Viognier, amongst many others.